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The Heathen In His Blindness

The Heathen In His Blindness

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Published by balagangadhara
Today, most intellectuals agree that (a) Christianity has profoundly influenced western culture; (b) members from different cultures experience many aspects of the world differently; (c) the empirical and theoretical study of both culture and religion emerged within the West. The present study argues that these truisms have implications for the conceptualization of religion and culture. More specifically, the thesis is that non-western cultures and religions differ from the descriptions prevalent in the West, and it is also explained why this has been the case. The author proposes novel analyses of religion, the Roman `religio', the construction of `religions' in India, and the nature of cultural differences. Religion is important to the West because the constitution and the identity of western culture is tied to the dynamic of Christianity as a religion
Today, most intellectuals agree that (a) Christianity has profoundly influenced western culture; (b) members from different cultures experience many aspects of the world differently; (c) the empirical and theoretical study of both culture and religion emerged within the West. The present study argues that these truisms have implications for the conceptualization of religion and culture. More specifically, the thesis is that non-western cultures and religions differ from the descriptions prevalent in the West, and it is also explained why this has been the case. The author proposes novel analyses of religion, the Roman `religio', the construction of `religions' in India, and the nature of cultural differences. Religion is important to the West because the constitution and the identity of western culture is tied to the dynamic of Christianity as a religion

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Published by: balagangadhara on Apr 27, 2008
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07/06/2013

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C
ONTENTS
A
CKNOWLEDGEMENTS
 
XI
I
NTRODUCTION
 
1
I. S
OME
P
UZZLES
 
AND
P
ROBLEMS
 
10
1.1. On Some Strange Sentiments
11
1.2. About Mystery And Mystifications
18
I
I
. “N
OT
B
Y
O
NE
A
VENUE
O
NLY
…”
31
2.1. On The Cobbled Streets Of Pagan Rome… 312.1.1. Romans And Their ‘Religio’ 392.1.2. From Demonstratio Evangelica… 442.1.3. …to Praeparatio Evangelica 472.2 ...en Route To
De Civitate Dei 
542.2.1. “Will The True Pagan Stand Up, Please?”
 
562.2.2. From Augustine To Calvin And Beyond 60
I
II
. T
HE
W
HORE
O
F
B
ABYLON
A
ND
O
THER 
EVELATIONS
 
65
3.1. A Modern Photo Album 663.1.1. What Is ‘Modern’ About Sexual Liberation? 713.1.2. The Heathens And Their Irreligion 763.1.3. Snapshots Superimposed 783.2. All Roads Lead To Rome 793.2.1. Some Four Reference Points 803.2.2. On The Eve Of A Reasonable Age 833.3. “What Has Paris To Do With Jerusalem?” 893.3.1. On The Banks Of The Seine 913.3.2. About The Pagans And The Primitives 95
I
V
. M
ADE
I
N
P
ARIS
, L 
ONDON
, A
ND
H
EIDELBERG
 
103
4.1. Evangelical Quandaries
 
1034.1.1. A Conceptual Quandary
 
1044.1.2. A Social Quandary
 
1074.2. The Oriental Renaissance
 
1194.2.1. ‘Vile Hindus’? The Other Face Of The Coin
 
1224.2.2. Buddha, The Saviour Of People
 
1294.3. A Conceptual Interregnum
 
138
V. R 
EQUIEM
F
OR 
A T
HEME
 
143
5.1. A Methodological Consideration
 
1445.2. The Metaphysical Speculations
 
1545.2.1. Angst, Nature And Man
 
1555.2.2. Fear Theory And Fear From Theories
 
1615.3. The Psychological Speculations
 
1655.4. On Explaining Religion
 
171
 
viiiCONTENTS
V
I
. S
HALL 
T
HE
T
WAIN
E
VER 
M
EET
?”
174
6.1. A New Development And Some New Concerns
 
1756.1.1. Development On Two Levels
 
1756.1.2. Grouping The Concerns
 
1786.2. A Pagan Prosecution Of Christianity
 
1806.3. A Christian Persecution Of Paganism
 
1856.3.1. Delineating Some Protestant Themes
 
1866.3.2. Tracing The Themes Further
 
2016.4. “J’Accuse”
 
204
V
II
. “G
UILTY
A
S
C
HARGED
, M
Y
ORDS
A
ND
ADIES
?”
206
7.1. The Prosecution’s Case
 
2077.1.1. “Tell Me, Sonadanda, Who Is A Brahmin?”
 
2077.1.2. “Tell Me Again, Brother Jacob, Who Is Religious?”
 
2197.1.3. “Who Is Religious, Dear Reader, Who Secular?”
 
2217.2. “The Prosecution Rests, M’lords ...”
 
2277.2.1. Raising A Problem
 
2287.2.2. A Problem Illumined
 
2317.2.3. “What Say You, The Jury, Guilty Or Not Guilty?”
 
2357.3. About One Half Of An Argument
 
238
V
III
. A H
UMAN
T
RAGEDY
O
T
HE
D
IVINE
ETRIBUTION
?
243
8.1. Because The Story Must Go On
 
2458.1.1. What Is The Dispute About?
 
2478.1.2. …de Gustibus Non Disputandum Est
 
2528.1.3. Interminable Disputations
 
2558.1.4. Classificatory Problems
 
2588.1.5. A Confusion Of Issues
 
2638.1.6. On The Nature Of A Meta-problem
 
2678.2. Switching The Tracks
 
2708.2.1. “Religion Is…
 
2718.2.2. …what Christianity, Islam, And Judaism Are”
 
2748.2.3. Linguistic Constraints Elaborated
 
2778.3. “Thou Shalt Resist Temptation …”
 
2798.3.1. Misunderstandings And Temptations
 
2798.3.2. From A Simple Answer To A Complex Query
 
282
I
X
. B
LESSED
A
RE
T
HOSE
W
HO
S
EEK 
…”
289
9.1. The Epistemology Of Intolerance
 
2909.1.1. Historical Constraints Elaborated
 
2929.1.2. Religion And Doctrine
 
2959.2. “Our Father, Which Art In Heaven”
 
2989.2.1. No Gods, But Lord God Alone
 
3009.2.2. Seek, And Ye Shall Find
 
3049.3. “Thy Kingdom Come”
 
3079.3.1. “When The Son Of Man Cometh…
 
3089.3.2. …will He Find Faith On Earth?”
 
3109.3.3. “It Is Absurd, Therefore I Believe…”
 
3139.3.4. Ye Shall Be As Children
 
316...viii
 
CONTENTSix9.4. On Religious Experience
 
3189.4.1. Atheistic Religiosity
 
3209.4.2. Controversies Illumined
 
3249.5. “Hallowed Be Thy Name”
 
3269.5.1. “The Heathen In His Blindness…
 
3269.5.2. …bows Down To Wood And Stone”
 
331
X. “I
MAGINE
, T
HERE
I
S
N
O
ELIGION
…”
339
10.1 On The Very Idea Of A Worldview
 
34010.1.1. A First Line Of Defence
 
34010.1.2. A Second Line Of Defence
 
34510.1.3. Religion And Worldview
 
35110.2. Worlds Without Views
 
35310.2.1. A Metaphysical Impossibility
 
35710.2.2. The Sociological Impossibility
 
37110.3. Views Without The World
 
38010.3.1. A Conceptual Fragment Of The Answer
 
38110.3.2. The Depth Of The Deep Questions
 
38510.3.3. Proselytisation And Secularisation
 
389
X
I
. P
ROLEGOMENA
T
O
A C
OMPARATIVE
S
CIENCE
O
F
C
ULTURES
 
395
11.1. Cultures As Configurations Of Learning
 
39611.1.1. Learning Processes And Cultural Differences
 
39611.1.2. Religion As The Root Model Of Order
 
40011.1.3. Science And The Root Model Of Order
 
40611.2. Conceptualising Cultural Differences
 
41111.2.1. Another Configuration Of Learning
 
41211.2.2. A Different Kind Of Knowledge
 
41511.3. How A Difference Makes The Difference
 
42411.3.1. Raising A Naive Question
 
42511.3.2. An Encounter Of Cultures
 
42911.3.3. Traditio, Knowledge, And The Religious Culture
 
43311.4. The Dynamic Of Religion
 
43711.4.1. Proselytisation And Secularisation
 
43811.4.2. Idolatry And The Sin Of The Secular
 
44011.5. About The Other Half Of An Argument
 
446
X
II
. A
T
T
HE
E
ND
O
F
A J
OURNEY
 
447
12.1. The Different Rest Houses
 
44712.2. About The Argument
 
45212.3. Epistemic Questions
 
454
EFERENCES
 
460
N
AME
I
NDEX
 
496
S
UBJECT
I
NDEX
 
499

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