them, “Listen to me, all of you, and understand: 15 there is nothing outside a per-son that by going in can deﬁle, but the things that come out are what deﬁle. 21 Forit is within, out of the human heart, that bad thoughts come from: pornographies,thefts, murders 22 adulteries, extortions, malicious acts, deceit, indecency, envy,blasphemy, arrogance, and folly. 23 All these evil things come from within, andthey deﬁle a person.”
Grace and peace are gifts for you from God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
During a lecture on this Gospel Lesson in 1953, Dr. Ernst K¨asemann (July 12,1906 - February 14, 1998), a noted New Testament scholar, Lutheran pastor, anda member of the resistance against the Nazis who was arrested multiple times bythe Gestapo, stated that anyone who denies that external forces inﬂuence a per-son is actually attacking both the underlying assumptions and the clear meaningof the Old Testament.
Dr. K¨asemann’s insight revolves around the action thatJesus takes in today’s reading. Instead of condemning the disciples’ who ate thebread without ﬁrst washing their hands, Jesus tells us that what comes from insidesomeone is what makes a person either clean or unclean.As Christians, we normally do not think of the far-reaching results of Christ’sdeclaration. We eat what we want. We have our bacon, lettuce, and tomato sand-
Romans 1:7, 1 Corinthians 1:3, 2 Corinthians 1:2, Galatians 1:3, Ephesians 1:2, Philippians1:2, 2 Thessalonians 1:2, Philemon 1:3