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Summary of Formula - Statistics

# Summary of Formula - Statistics

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07/30/2013

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Summary of Formulas
1.
Determining the sample sizewhere:
N
- the population size
n
=
e - the margin of error
n
- the sample size2.Range = highest observation – lowest observation3.k = 1 + 3.3 log n
4.
C = Range ÷ k5.Mean of ungrouped data
X
i
where:
X
i
– sum of allobservationsX = n total number oobservationsn6.Mean of grouped data
F
i
X
i
where: F
i
X
i
the productbetween the frequencyX
midpoint

= and theclassmarkn n total number oobservations
F
i
U
i
where: X
0
– any chosenvalue of the X
i
X
unit-deviation
= X
0
+ c F
i
U
i
– productbetween then frequency andthe unit

deviationc – class sizen – total number of observations
136
2
1
Ne N
+

7. Median of grouped datacfb where: L
Me
lower boundary of theX = L
Me
+ c Median class

Me
cfb cumulative frequencybelow one interval
Me
frequency of the medianclassc class sizen – total number oobservation8. Mode of grouped datad
1
where: L
Mo
lowerboundary of theX = L
Mo
+ c Modal class

d
1
+ d
2
d
1
– difference betweenthefrequency of the modalclass and thefrequencyof the next lower classd
2
– difference betweenthefrequency of themodalclass and thefrequencyof the next higher classc – class size9. Quartilecfb where: L
Qi
– lower boundaryof theQ
i
= L
Qi
+ c Quartile class

Qi

cfb cumulativefrequencybelow one interval
Qi
– frequency of the Quartileclassc – class size10. Decile
137
2
n
~^
4))((
in

cfb where: L
Di
lower boundary of theD
i
= L
Di
+ c Decile class

Di
cfb cumulative frequencybelow one interval
Di
frequency of the Decileclassc class sizen – total number of observation11. Percentilecfb where: L
Pi
– lowerboundary of P
i
= L
Pi
+ c the Percentileclass
Pi
cfb – cumulative frequencybelow one interval
Pi
frequency of thepercentile classc class size
12. Interquartile Range
IR = Q
3
– Q
1
13. Semi-interquartile range or Quartile Deviation

QD = ½ ( Q
3
– Q
1
) or IR / 2
14.

Mean Deviation of Ungrouped Data

where: X represents theindividual values

MD
=
X – is the mean of thedistribution

n
15. Mean Deviation for Grouped Data

where: Xi represents theclassmark

MD
=
X – is the mean of thedistribution
n

F
i
– frequency
16.
Variance for Ungrouped Data
138
10))((
in
100))((
in

X   X
i
X   X   F
ii