Cyber Crime – An Indian Scenario (Overview)
As India is marching towards its development, many new technologies haveentered into the nook and corner of the country. Of these, Information Technology withcomputers has paved a way to Internet, e-Banking, e-Commerce and other types of communication systems. This has reduced the cost, increased the sophistication, morespeed, efficient and reduced the manpower. These technologies has emerged as a blessingfor the present pace of life but at the same time also resulted in various threats to theconsumers and other institutions for which it proved to be most beneficial. It even did notspare the security of the country when this crime reached its pinnacle.In a Cyber Crime the criminals use computes as a tool, target or both for their unlawful act either to gain information which result in heavy loss or damage to the owner of that intangible sensitive information. They can launch an attack from any corner of theworld without any fear of being traced or prosecuted. This is an international problemwith no national boundaries.Though the pattern of cyber crime is similar through out the world there are somedifference in few countries according to the technology, culture and economy of thatcountry. The scenario in India is also different from the rest of the world. Here very hightechnology cyber crimes like Hacking, virus attack etc., are in the budding stage where as pornography, forgery, fraud etc., are spreading like a wild fire.
Reasons for Cyber Crime:
Hart in his work “The Concept of Law” has said ‘human beings are vulnerable sorule of law is required to protect them’. Applying this to the cyberspace we may say thatcomputers are vulnerable so rule of law is required to protect and safeguard them againstcyber crime. The reasons for the vulnerability of computers may be said to be:
Capacity to store data in comparatively small space-
The computer has unique characteristic of storing data in a very small space. This affords