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Matriculation Physics ( Geometrical Optics )

# Matriculation Physics ( Geometrical Optics )

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09/15/2014

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PHYSICSCHAPTER 1

The study of light based onthe assumption that
lightlighttravels in straight linestravels in straight lines
and is concerned with the
laws controlling thelaws controlling thereflection and refractionreflection and refraction
of rays of
lightlight
.
CHAPTER 1:CHAPTER 1:Geometrical opticsGeometrical optics(5 Hours)(5 Hours)

PHYSICSCHAPTER 1
2
At the end of this chapter, students should be able to:At the end of this chapter, students should be able to:
StateStatelaws of reflection.laws of reflection.
StateStatethe characteristics of image formed by a planethe characteristics of image formed by a planemirror.mirror.

SketchSketchray diagrams with minimum two rays.ray diagrams with minimum two rays.
Learning Outcome:
1.1Reflection at a plane surface (1 hour)
w    w    w .k    m    p       h  .    m    a      t     ri     k .    e      d     u   .    m    y       /     p        h    y      s      i    c     w    w    w .k    m    p       h  .    m    a      t     ri     k .    e      d     u .    m    y       /     p        h    y      s      i    c

PHYSICSCHAPTER 1
3
Figure 1.1Figure 1.1
1.1 Reflection at a plane surface
1.1.1Reflection of light
is defined as
the return of all or part of a beam of light whenthe return of all or part of a beam of light whenit encounters the boundary between two mediait encounters the boundary between two media
.
There are two types of reflection due to the plane surface
Specular (regular) reflectionSpecular (regular) reflection
is the
reflection of light fromreflection of light froma smooth shiny surfacea smooth shiny surface
as shown in Figure 1.1.