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Revolutionary War General, Henry Knox, lays out the various roles of each section in the army for George Washington's famous Delaware crossing, 25 December 1776

Revolutionary War General, Henry Knox, lays out the various roles of each section in the army for George Washington's famous Delaware crossing, 25 December 1776

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Orders for surprise attack on British forces at Trenton. On Christmas morning Washington made his famous crossing of the Delaware, and prepared for a surprise attack on Trenton. These orders lay out the various roles of the different sections of the American army. General Stevens will command the lead group, supported by some of Knox's artillery men. General Greene will command the second group, supported by a number of Knox's cannon. Delineates the various specific jobs of each unit. Includes hand drawn map on verso of Trenton. The pencil map shows the plan of Trenton, the roads and waterways surrounding the city (the Delaware River among them), and small squares that appear to represent some of the British and Hessian troop positions (that supposition is based on a comparison with a Hessian map prepared soon after the battle in the Library of Congress Geography and Map Division , Rochambeau Map Collection).
Orders for surprise attack on British forces at Trenton. On Christmas morning Washington made his famous crossing of the Delaware, and prepared for a surprise attack on Trenton. These orders lay out the various roles of the different sections of the American army. General Stevens will command the lead group, supported by some of Knox's artillery men. General Greene will command the second group, supported by a number of Knox's cannon. Delineates the various specific jobs of each unit. Includes hand drawn map on verso of Trenton. The pencil map shows the plan of Trenton, the roads and waterways surrounding the city (the Delaware River among them), and small squares that appear to represent some of the British and Hessian troop positions (that supposition is based on a comparison with a Hessian map prepared soon after the battle in the Library of Congress Geography and Map Division , Rochambeau Map Collection).

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11/04/2010

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Order of march to Trenton
s.l., 25 December 1776.Autograph document, 4 pages + docket.[
draft 
]Each Brigade to be furnish'd with two good Guides.General Stevens Brigade to form the advanced party & to have with them a detachmentof the Artillery without Cannon provided with Spikes and Hammers to Spike up the enemiesCannon in case of necessity or to bring them off if it can be effected. the party to be providedwith drag ropes for the purpose of dragging off the Cannon. General Stevens is to attack andforce the enemies guards and seize such posts as may pressure them from forming in the streetsand in case they are annoy'd from the houses to set them on fire. The Brigades of Mercer & LordStirling under the Command of Major General Greene to support General Stevens, this is thesecond division or left wing of the Army and to march by the way of the Pennington Road.St Clairs Glovers & Sargents Brigades [struck: to embark in order] under Major GeneralSullivan to march by the river road, this is the first division of the Army and to form the rightwing. Lord Stirlings Brigade to form the reserve of the left wing and General St Clairs Brigadethe reserve [2] of the right wing. These reserves to form a second line in Conjunction or asecond hand to each division as circumstances may require - Each Brigadier to make theColonels acquainted with the parts of their respective Regiments in the Brigade and the Major Generals will inform them of the parts of their Brigades in the Line.Four peices [sic] of artillery to march at the head of each Column, three peices [sic] at thehead of the second Brigade of each Division and two peices [sic] with each of the Reserves. Thetroops to be assembled one Miles back of McKonkeys Ferry and as soon as it begins to growdark the troops to be March'd to McKonkeys Ferry and embark onboard the boats in followingorder under the direction of Colonel KnoxGeneral Stevens Brigade with the detachment of Artillery men to embark first GeneralMercers next; Lord Stirlings next, Genl Fermoys next who will march in the rear of the SecondDivision and file off from the [inserted: Pennington to the] Princeton Road in such direction thathe can with the greatest ease & safety secure the passes between Princeton & Trenton the Guideswill be the best judge of this. he is to take two peices [sic] of artillery with him
The Gilder Lehrman Collection
GLC02437.0495

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