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Introduction to Respiration

Introduction to Respiration

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Published by Azneezal Ar-Rashid

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Published by: Azneezal Ar-Rashid on Feb 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Chapter 7Respiration
What is respiration?By :Azneezal Ar-Rashid2009
Respiration in animal?
is the transport of oxygenfrom the outside air to the cells withintissues, and the transport of carbon dioxidein the oppositedirection. This is in contrast to thebiochemicaldefinitionof respiration, which refers to
: themetabolicprocess by which anorganismobtains energy by reactingoxygenwithglucoseto givewater , carbon dioxideandATP(energy). Although physiologic respiration is necessary to sustaincellular respiration and thus life in animals, the processes are distinct:cellular respiration takes place in individual cells of theanimal, while physiologic respiration concerns thebulk flowand transport of metabolites between theorganism and the external environment.
Unicellular organisms?
Inunicellular organisms, simplediffusionis sufficient for gas exchange: every cell isconstantly bathed in the external environment,with only a short distance for gases to flowacross. In contrast, complex multicellular animals such ashumanshave a much greater distance between the environment and their innermost cells, thus, arespiratory systemisneeded for effective gas exchange. Therespiratory system works in concert with acirculatory systemto carry gases to and from thetissues.

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