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pols study guide 1

pols study guide 1

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Published by Cheryl Card

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Published by: Cheryl Card on Feb 13, 2010
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Study Guide Political Science
Chap 1,2,3, & 19
Exam I

1.Weapons of mass destruction were found in Iraq in the months leading up to the 2003
war in Iraq.
2.The individuals, institutions, and processes that make the rules for a society and possess
the power to enforce these rules on that society constitute a political party.
3.It was David Easton who wrote that the ". . . authoritative allocation of values is a
minimum prerequisite if any society . . .''
4.Demands and supports constitute inputs of the political system.
5.The binding decisions such as laws, regulations, and judicial rulings, are the outputs of
the political system.
6.The first nation to have a written constitution was the United States.
7.Thomas Paine was the author of the pamphlet entitled Common Sense, which attacked
King George III as a "Royal Brute," thus stirring the colonies toward declaring their
independence.
8.John Locke suggested that the consent of a person was not needed for that person to be
subjected to the political power of another.
9.John Locke had no influence on Thomas Jefferson.
10.The Articles of Confederation established a national government among the states rather
than a "league of friendship."
11.Among the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation was the absence of congressional
power to tax.

12.James Madison is often called the "Father of the Constitution."
13.Roger Sherman proposed the Connecticut Compromise.
14.The Great Compromise, or the Connecticut Plan, provided for the basic structure of the

present national legislature.
15.Article I of the Constitution provides for the structure and the powers of the United States
legislature.
16.Under Article II of the Constitution, the president was to be selected directly by the
people.
17.France has a centralized unitary system of government
18.The United States has a federal system of government in which power is constitutionally
shared between the national and state governments.
19.The constitutional sharing of power by a national government and regional units of
government characterizes and defines a unitary system.
20.Canada and Germany are similar to the United States in that they both are organized
along a federal system
21.The concept of dual federalism that was adopted by the Supreme Court was based on the
view that it is a referee between two competing power centers-the states and the
national government, each with its own responsibilities.
22.The concept of cooperative federalism that was adopted by the Supreme Court was based

on the view that the various levels of government are related parts of a single
governmental system characterized more by shared functions than by conflict and
competition.

23.In theMc Cullo c h v.Mar yland case the Supreme Court established the doctrine of
enumerated powers.
24.States are required to give "full faith and credit" to the laws, records, and court decisions
of another state.
25.California has one of the largest economies in the world
26.For the most part, cities rely on property tax to finance most of the services that they
provide.
27.The struggle over power or influence within organizations or informal groups that can
grant or withhold benefits or privileges is known as

28.The lack of a central government in Somalia since 1991 demonstrates
29.The one political value that Saddam Hussein was able to provide was
30.The right and power of a government to enforce its decisions and compel obedience is

known as

31.The phrase "rule of the best" is associated with
32.The procedure by which voters can propose a law or constitutional amendment is the
33.Democratic Republic refers to a form of government in which
34.Women were given the right to vote in
35.Limited government
36.Pluralism
37.The dominant culture in the United States includes
38.Democracy could not endure without
39.An economic system characterized by the private ownership of wealth-creating assets,

free markets and freedom of contract is known as
40.____ would oppose governmental attempts to regulate personal behavior and to promote
moral values as well as governmental regulation of the economy and redistribution of
income.
41.____ is a revolutionary variant of socialism that favors partisan dictatorship, government
control of all enterprises and the replacement of free markets by central planning.
42.Signed by forty-one men before coming ashore at Plymouth, the____ represented a

willingness of the signers to create and submit to the authority of a government,
establishing a prototype for other agreements that depended on the consent of the
governed.

43.What prompted the colonists to stage the Boston Tea Party?
44.Common Sense, written by____, argued in favor of declaring independence from Great
Britain and establishing a new government for the citizens of a new country.
45.The Declaration of Independence was written by
46.The original draft of the Declaration of Independence included____, which had to be
removed to gain the unanimous approval of all the colonies
47.After the United States gained its independence, the first system of government was
created by
48.The actions of____ demonstrated the inability of the federal government under the
Articles of Confederation to protect the citizenry from armed rebellion or provide
adequately for the public welfare.

49.The publicly stated purpose of the convention to be held in 1787 was to
50.Edmund Randolph's Virginia Plan
51.The Great Compromise
52.At the convention the South insisted that
53.The electoral college
54.In what way does the Supreme Court check the Congress?
55.The Anti-Federalists
56.Charles Beard argued that
57.The Bill of Rights
58.Which practice was abolished by a constitutional amendment

59.Judicial review refers to
60.The centralized governmental system in which local governments exercise only those
powers given to them by the central government is known as
61.The system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially
sovereign powers and a central government with limited powers is known as
62.The United States employs a
63.The special category of national powers that derive from the fact that the United States is
a sovereign power among nations and thus its national government must be the only
government that deals with other nations is known as

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