THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENT OF A PROPOSED RATIONAL EMOTIVEBEHAVIOR THERAPY BASED MODEL TO TREAT PERSONS WITH CHRONICPERSEVERATIVE STUTTERING SYNDROME(Under the direction of Norman Mar, Ph.D.)This workwas motivated by meta-analyses of outcomestudies in which a third of individuals who received current stuttering therapies experienced minimal positiveresults. These individuals remain afflicted with life-long chronic stuttering.This theoretical workapproaches chronic stuttering from a new, revolutionary point of view. First, the stuttering problem is defined holistically as ChronicPerseverative Stuttering Syndrome (CPSS) that includes dysfunctional ideation, emoting, behaviors, perceptions, and life choices of the person who stutters. The holistic definitionaddresses abnormal visible or audible speech and non-speech producing musclefunctioning during speech production, avoidance behaviors while speaking, self-defeatingattitudes and unhealthy negative emotions, and self-limiting life choices.Second, building on the bio-psycho-social model, based on theneuropsychological and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy framework, a stage-by-stagemodel of how developmental stuttering begins and perseveres throughout the lifespan isconstructed. The model begins with epigenetic systems theory and subsequentlyaddresses the pre-natal, birthing, and early language acquisition stages, while alsoaddressing the classical conditioning associating speech with danger and operantconditioning associated with the development of secondary symptoms. Thedevelopmental model includes both unsuccessful and successful therapy experiencestages.