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Making Chamber Reamers

Making Chamber Reamers

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Published by fmchuck
American Rifleman Article on Making Chamber Reamers
American Rifleman Article on Making Chamber Reamers

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Published by: fmchuck on Feb 13, 2010
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06/18/2013

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MAKINGCHAMBERINGREA
ByKEITHFRANCIS
O
NLY
3ofthe5basictoolsteeltypes availablearesuitableformaking chamberingreamers.Thesearethe high-speedsteels,thecoldworksteels, andthecarbonandlow-alloysteels. High-speedsteelisusedordinarily fortoolsthatreachatemperatureabove 300
0
F.Chamberingreamershavea largeareaofcuttingedgeincontact withtheworkandaresusceptibleto chatterandbreakageatspeedsthatgen- erateheatabove300
0
F.Thus,themost importantqualityofhigh-speedsteelis utilizedonlybythetoolmakerduring thegrindingprocess.Itismoreforgiv- ingtoacarelessgrindingoperationthan othersteelsandwillwithstandtempera- turesashighas1100
0
F.withnoloss
Note:Drawingsgivingmaximumcartridgeand
minimumchamberdimensionsofU.S.-loaded
commercial
small
armsammunitionareobtain-
ableat$5percartridgefromSportingArms
&
AmmunitionManufacturer's
Institute,
250East
43rdSt.,NewYork17,.Y.
ofhardness.Itsheat-treatmentisin- volvedandibestlefttotheprofes- sional,butcoldworkandcarbonsteel maybehardenedinthesmallshop. Thebeginnershouldselectasteel thatissuitableforreamersandalso eaytogrind.Oneofthemosteasily groundsuitablesteelsisdesignated SAE06.Itisclassifiedasa'non-de- formingdiesteel'andhasagrindability alueof85.Thisisasteelthatthe beginnermayusewhiledeveloping grindingskill.Twopopularbrandsof SAE06steelareAlleghenyLudlum's 'Oilgraph'andTirnken's'Graphmo'. Chamberingreamersmustcutthefull lengthofthechamber.Theycannotbe operatedasfastasend-cuttingreamers; red-hardnessandotheradvantagesof someoftheothertoolsteelsarenot required.Gettingagoodfinihatre- ducedspeedisthemainrequirement. Toolsteelforreameriavailablein
s
variousforms.On rodorroundbar- form.Drillrodh finish(notpreci monhigh-speed areavailablein stockisless
expeasrve,
has'bark'on
i
beremoved.It. 1116"wastefor diameter.Forclla~:;>::;;-:::. .30-'06size
(.4'7--
9/16"diameter toabout
%".
Igrinding.Drill
l/z"
diameteras tiesonitssurfa availableill3-ft. lengthsoftenrun Theillustratio andthefollowi: stepsin_produ chamberingream
1
LatheoperationswithSAE
06
steelareeasy.Forareamersuchasthe
.30-'06
a.rpm'swith
.~03"
feedisusedinourshopwithamuchtoughertoolsteel,making diameter,Carbide-tippedGradeK-6toolsareusedforallturning.Whenhigh-speedsteelt therpm'sshouldbekeptbelow
500,
conditionofthelatheandcoolantsystembeingthe factors.Nosharpcornersareleftwhenturningtheblank.Theturningtoolhasaboutan.0 lessenthechanceofhardeningcracksduringtheheat-treatment.Weleave
.010"
grindingstock andshankand
.025"
to
.030"
grindingstockontherestoftheblank.Allblanksaretura toprovide
.030"
stockatthebackendand
.062"
grindingSTockattheshoulderofa
.30-
Shoulderanglesareplunge-enfromthereartoolpost
 
2
Themillingcutterusedtotheflutesmaybeoneof severaltypes.Themostcommon'the60
0
cutter,shown ontheright.Thesharpcornerofthesecuttersareradiused toavoidhardeningcracks.Minimumradiusisabout.030". The60
0
cutterwillproduceflutes
0
earuniformthickness fromtoptobottom.ThecutteronIefrIonemadeandused bymastertoolmakerF.K.Ellio
0
hisfinechambering reamers.Thefluteproducedwith'-radiusismuchstronger thantheothertypes.Notethetaperedeandthickercross- sectionofthereamersectiononleft.Iilmet29isusedasa millingmachinecuttingoil,butmgoodgradesulfur-based cuttingoilswillworkwellithAE06steel Thereamerflutesshouldbemilledairregularintervals toreducechatter.Ortheflutesmaygroundfromthe solidstockifthatismorepracticable..gformulasmay befoundinthe
Machinery'sHandbook.
Fora6-flutedreamer anindexcirclewith39holesisplaced
0
thedividinghead. Thefirstfluteisthenmilled.Thesecondte
j
milled4holes lessthanregularspacing,thethirdised5holesmore, thefourth7holesless,thefifth6holesmoreandthelast5 holeslessthanregularspacing.Aproduc'onmillingfixture isusuallybuiltwiththeirregularspacingmachinedintoan indexplate.Themillingfixtureshownhasabinationcenter anddogwhichismoreconducivetoraidloadingandunload- ingthanastandardcenteranddogwould.Thiscenterhas beengroundwith5.
3
JANUARY1963
4
Fromthemillingmachinethereamergoesbacktothe latheforthetangorshanksquaringoperation.Asetof carbide-tippedcuttersisusedtostraddle-millthesquares.Acut istakenandthereamerthenindexed90°formillingthesecond pairofflats.Thereamerthengoetothemarkingmachinefor stampingofidentificationandcaliber
5
Theheat-treatingorhardeningofSAE06steelislessdiffi- cultthanthatofwater-orbrine-quenchingsteels.Witha commonfurnaceliketheonehown,itisbesttodosomething abouttheatmospherecontactingthereamer.Timkenrecommends paintingasaturatedsolutionofboricacidoverthesurfaceofthe tooltoavoiddecarburization.Therearealsogoodcommercialnon- scalingcompoundsavailable,suchasPhoenixBrand,soldby theParkerStampWorksofHartford,Conn.Thisisgoodfor hardeningtemperaturesupto1650°F.andcoversmoreeasily andcompletelythandoesboricacid.Theflutefaces,beingapart ofthecuttingedge,shouldbeprotectedfromdecarburization. Thisisnoproblemiftheflutesaretobegroundafterheat-treat- ment,sincethescaleiseasilygroundaway.SAE06toolsteel shouldbeheatedtoabout1450°F.andsoakedatthistemperature onlylongenoughtoinsureuniformheating.Thereamershould thenberemovedasquicklyaspossibleandquenchedverticallyin alightquenchingoil.Quenchwithagentleup-and-downmotion untilithascooledtobelow200
0
F.(verywarmtothetouch). Itisapttowarpifdroppedtothebottomofthequenchingtank toosoon.Also,anyswishingmotionislikelytocoolonesideof thereamermorequicklythantheotherandcausewarpage.A quenchingoiltemperatureofabout100°F.isrecommendedto minimizewarpingandcracking.Aftercoolingtooiltemperature. thereameristakenoutfortempering.Reliefofmachiningand hardeningstrainsdemandsabout2hourstemperingtimeat 300
0
F.Akitchenovenwilldonicely.Itisbesttoletthereamer coolintheoven.Itmaythenbetestedforhardness.SAE06steel shouldhaveaworkinghardnessof63ontheRockwellC-scale

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