These notes are prepared for Pakistani nurses and is allowed to everyone for copying .somenotes are taken from ICN web site for actual references.(author)DEFINITION OF NURSING: The ICN Definition of Nursing
encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families,groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patientand health systems management, and education are also key nursing roles.
Nursing is a profession in which the nurse applies skills and attitudes in the provision of comfort and care for the health needs of people. It is a dynamic, therapeutic and educative process by which the practitioner provides preventive, curative promotive and rehabilitativehealth services to individuals, families and communities.
MS. Florence Nightingale
(1860).“The act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his / her recovery”.
MS. Virginia Henderson
defines nursing in functional terms (1970).“The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to a peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he/she had the recovery strength, will or knowledge and to do this in such away as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible”.
According to ANA, (1980)“Nursing is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential health problem.
In the 20
century there are many theoretical definition of nursing developed. Thefollowing are common facts to that entire nursing is: -
Caring for and caring about people.
Has evolved from an unstructured method of caring for the ill through a scientific process,moves from the mystical beliefs to a high tech, high touch era.
Art and science, using scientific knowledge in a human manner, critical thinking skills withcaring behaviors.
Requires balance of promoting client’s, independence and dependence,
Focuses not on illness but rather on the client’s response to illness.
Promotes health and helps clients move to a higher level of wellness.
Assisting a client with a terminal illness to maintain comfort and dignity in the final Stage of life.
Roles and responsibilities of the nurse.
The nurse professional role has a wide variety of components. Some of those are following:1.
:Provide health education and information to client and families formally and Informallyabout health and illness and the ways to cope with illness and its consequences.
Establishing and maintain effective communication skills with clients, families, andsignificant others.Use communication as a tool for interpersonal & trust worthy relationship in such a waythat are most helpful & supportive to the client & familyObtain information’s needed to provide optimum health care (through interview)A nurse evaluates effectiveness of one’s own communication with clients, colleagues, andothers.3.
Use the nursing process to formulate and maintain individualized nursing care plans byassessing, planning, implementing, and evaluating.