v. Density function, f(t)
The probability that a random trial yields a value of t within the intervalfrom t
∫ f (t) dtt
then f(t) is the density function for the continuous random variable.
vi. Distribution function, F (t)
The distribution function, F (t) is the probability that in a random trial,the random variable is not greater than t, thus,
F (t) = ∫ f (t) dt
F (t) is recognized as unreliability function, when speaking of failures.
vii. Reliability, R (t)
The reliability is given byR (t) =1-F (t)In integral form, R (t) can be expressed as
R (t) = ∫ f (t) dt
viii. Hazard Rate, Z (t):
It is also called as instantaneous failure rate, defined as the ratio of density function, f (t) to the reliability function, R (t).Z (t) = f (t)/R (t).1.A shaft on two supports is shown. The distance between the supportsis L. Assume that the axis for the left bore in the housing is thereference axis (which means that the left bore surface is taken as thedatum). Then the position of the shaft axis with respect to the boreaxis is determined by the eccentricities of the bearing outer ring, balls,inner ring and shaft plus the magnitude of a clearance in the bearing(clearance between the balls and the rings after the bearing ismounted on the shaft). The latter, however is neglected here for thesake of simplicity. Assume that the system of balls in a bearing can betreated as a ring, the tolerances of which are equal to those for anindividual ball.