Design For Manufacturing and Assembly
Effect of Materials and Manufacturing processes on Design
1.EFFECT OF MATERIAL ANDMANUFACTURING PROCESSES IN DESIGN1. Introduction:
Design is the process of translating a new idea or a market need into thedetailed information from which a product can be manufactured. Each of its stages requires decisions about the materials from which the product isto be made and the process for making it. The number of materialsavailable to the engineer is vast: between 40000 and 80000. At thebeginning the design is fluid and the options are wide; all materials mustbe considered. As the design becomes more focused and takes shape, theselection criteria sharpen and the shortlist of materials, which can satisfythem, narrows. Then more accurate data are required and a different way of analyzing thechoice must be used. In final stages of design, precise data are neededand the search finally comes to only one. The procedure must recognizethe initial choice, the narrow this to a small subset, and provide theprecision and detail on which final design calculations can be based. The choice of material cannot be made independently of the choice of process by which the material to be formed, joined, finished, andotherwise treated. Cost enters, both in the choice of material is processed.Good design alone will not sell a product. Industrial design is one that, if neglected, can also loss the manufacturer his market.So, Engineering materials are evolving faster, so there are wide options,which pave way for new innovations. It is important in the early part of design to examine the full materials, which fulfill the requirements, andsubsequently deciding upon the manufacturing processes. For this, theknowledge of the Effect of material properties and manufacturingprocesses is required.
1.1. Major Phases of Design:
Engineering design work is usually performed on three different levels:1.Development of existing products or designs, i.e.,redesign, by introducing minor modifications in size, shapeor materials to improve performance.2.Adaptation of an existing product or design to operatein new environment or to perform a different function.