Design for Manufacture and AssemblyTolerance Analysis
It is a combination of parallelism, straightness and roundness, applied tothe surface of a cylinder. The cylindricity tolerance zone is the annularspace between two coaxial cylinders and its value is the radial distancebetween them.
It is the relationship between two cylinders, which have the same axis orcommon centre. Concentricity tolerance is the deviation of the axis fromthe true position.
It is the condition where a line, plane or surface lies at 90 degrees to theanother. It is the space between the two parallel lines or surfaces.
This is the condition where two lines or surfaces are separated by auniform distance. Parallelism tolerances control the parallelism betweenthe two lines or surfaces and the tolerance zone is the distance betweenthem.
It defines the position between two lines or surfaces which are nor parallelor perpendicular to each other.
The positional tolerance controls the position between a feature and adatum or from another feature. The tolerance value is the specifieddeviation from the true position.
It is the feature where a feature is divided into identical parts by means of a line or plane. Symmetry tolerances control the area between the parallellines or planes, which are parallel to the datum feature, and there value isthe distance between them.
2.10.13. Circular Runout
It is the permissible variation of position of any point fixed on a surface,which occurs when a part is rotated through 360 degrees about its ownaxis. The resultant indications include errors of other characteristicswithout differentiating them. The combined errors must not exceed thestated tolerance value.
2.10.14. Total Runout
The difference between simple Runout and total Runout is that in theformer, one measurement is taken during one revolution while in the laterthe measuring instrument is moved along the component during severalrevolutions.