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Test Management

Test Management

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Published by G.C.Reddy

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Published by: G.C.Reddy on Feb 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/31/2015

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For Software Testing Information visit: www.gcreddy.net
Test management
Important terms:
Test organization
Tester, test leader, test manager
Test planning and estimation
Test approach
Test progress monitoring and control
Defect density, failure rate, test control, test monitoring, test report.
Configuration management
Configuration management, version control
Risk and testing
Risk, product risk, project risk, risk-based testing
Incident Management
Incident logging, incident management
1) Test organization
a) Test organization and independence
The effectiveness of finding defects by testing and reviews can be improved by usingindependent testers. Options for independence are:
No independent testers. Developers test their own code.
Independent testers within the development teams.
Independent test team or group within the organization, reporting to projectmanagement or executive management
Independent testers from the business organization or user community.
Independent test specialists for specific test targets such as usability testers,security testers or certification testers (who certify a software product againststandards and regulations).
Independent testers outsourced or external to the organization.
The benefits of independence include:
Independent testers see other and different defects, and are unbiased.
An independent tester can verify assumptions people made duringspecification and implementation of the system.
Drawbacks include:
For QTP Information visit: www.gcreddy.com
1
 
For Software Testing Information visit: www.gcreddy.net
Isolation from the development team (if treated as totally independent).
Independent testers may be the bottleneck as the last checkpoint.
Developers may lose a sense of responsibility for quality.
b) Tasks of the test leader and tester
Test leader tasks may include:
Coordinate the test strategy and plan with project managers and others.
Write or review a test strategy for the project, and test policy for theorganization.
Contribute the testing perspective to other project activities, such asintegration planning.
Plan the tests – considering the context and understanding the test objectivesand risks –including selecting test approaches, estimating the time, effort andcost of testing, acquiring resources, defining test levels, cycles, and planningincident management.
Initiate the specification, preparation, implementation and execution of tests,monitor the test results and check the exit criteria.
Adapt planning based on test results and progress (sometimes documented instatus reports) and take any action necessary to compensate for problems.
Set up adequate configuration management of testware for traceability.
Introduce suitable metrics for measuring test progress and evaluating thequality of the testing and the product.
Decide what should be automated, to what degree, and how.
Select tools to support testing and organize any training in tool use fortesters.
Decide about the implementation of the test environment.
Write test summary reports based on the information gathered during testing.
Tester tasks may include:
Review and contribute to test plans.
Analyze, review and assess user requirements, specifications and models fortestability.
Create test specifications.
Set up the test environment (often coordinating with system administrationand network management).
Prepare and acquire test data.
Implement tests on all test levels, execute and log the tests, evaluate theresults and document the deviations from expected results.
For QTP Information visit: www.gcreddy.com
2
 
For Software Testing Information visit: www.gcreddy.net
Use test administration or management tools and test monitoring tools asrequired.
Automate tests (may be supported by a developer or a test automationexpert).
Measure performance of components and systems (if applicable).
Review tests developed by others.
Note:
People who work on test analysis, test design, specific test types or testautomation may be specialists in these roles. Depending on the test level and therisks related to the product and the project, different people may take over the roleof tester, keeping some degree of independence. Typically testers at the componentand integration level would be developers; testers at the acceptance test level wouldbe business experts and users, and testers for operational acceptance testing wouldbe operators.
c) Defining skills test staff need
Now days a testing professional must have ‘application’ or ‘business domain’ knowledge and ‘Technology’ expertise apart from ‘Testing’ Skills
2) Test planning and estimation
a) Test planning activities
Determining the scope and risks, and identifying the objectives of testing.
Defining the overall approach of testing (the test strategy), including thedefinition of the test levels and entry and exit criteria.
Integrating and coordinating the testing activities into the software life cycleactivities: acquisition, supply, development, operation and maintenance.
Making decisions about what to test, what roles will perform the testactivities, how the test activities should be done, and how the test results willbe evaluated.
Scheduling test analysis and design activities.
Scheduling test implementation, execution and evaluation.
Assigning resources for the different activities defined.
Defining the amount, level of detail, structure and templates for the testdocumentation.
Selecting metrics for monitoring and controlling test preparation andexecution, defect resolution and risk issues.
Setting the level of detail for test procedures in order to provide enoughinformation to support reproducible test preparation and execution.
b) Exit criteria
The purpose of exit criteria is to define when to stop testing, such as at the end of atest level or when a set of tests has a specific goal.
For QTP Information visit: www.gcreddy.com
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