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Rob's Energy Mustknows v1.0

Rob's Energy Mustknows v1.0

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Published by Rob
A collection of "facts" about energy sources such as uranium, oil, ethanol and so on. I've validated it it "slightly" and attributed it where I can. It compares energy values between sources, ie the stored energy available per a given quantity.
A collection of "facts" about energy sources such as uranium, oil, ethanol and so on. I've validated it it "slightly" and attributed it where I can. It compares energy values between sources, ie the stored energy available per a given quantity.

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Published by: Rob on Apr 29, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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Thermal efficiency16,920,000,000169,200,0001,692,000,0001,700,000,000Energy density
Energy Density sorted by Wh/lWh/l elative to GBTU/lkJoules/l
Material Volumetric (Wh/l)1055.63.6Fission of U-235######4452444107.62###Boron382783.9536.26137800.8JP10 (dicyclopentadiene)10,9751.1310.439510Diesel 10,9421.1310.3739391.2Gasoline 9,70019.1934920Black Coal solid =>CO294440.978.9533998.4LNG 7,2160.746.8425977.6Propane (liquid) 70500.736.6825380Black Coal Bulk =>CO262780.655.9522600.8Ethanol 6,1000.635.7821960hydrazine (Mono-propellant)5,4260.565.1419533.6Thermite Fe2O3(s) + 2Al(s) -> Al2O3(s) + 2 5,1140.534.8418410.4Methanol 4,6000.474.3616560Sodium Borohydride - Theoretical Hydroge 2925.60.32.7710532.16Liquid H2 2,6000.272.469360Hydrogen Peroxide 100% (mono-propellant 1,1870.121.124273.2Wood Varies with type of wood and moistur 7000.070.662520150 Bar H2 (without container - big problem 4050.040.381458Secondary Lithium - ion Polymer3000.030.281080Secondary Lithium-Ion 3000.030.281080Primary Zinc-Air2400.020.23864Dry ice sublimation 2480.030.23892.8Primary Lithium Sulfur Dioxide1900.020.18684Nickel Metal Hydride (not discounted for hig 1000.010.09360Wood pellets (pelletizing energy subtracted 1000.010.09360Flywheel 2100.020.2756Liquid N2 650.010.06234Lead Acid Battery 4000.04144Propane (Gas - 1 bar) 28.100.03101.16Compressed Air 1700.0261.2Ice to water 9.300.0133.48STP H2 (no container) 2.7009.72Boost cap1.72006.19* = without container Some numbers from Don Lancaster ** - seems low?*** Types of coal vary widely - coal => CO2 4816 - 8722 Wh/kg
Some Fuels that won't work
 
Carbon => CO2 9111Wh/kgCarbon => CO 6306Wh/kgcoal 1.346 g/ccAnhydrous ammonia has a hydrogen density of 0.12 gm/cm^3
1 Therm = 100,000 Btu1 Btu = 1055.6 Joules (J)29.0 PJ = 1 million tonnes of coal equivalent41.868 PJ = 1 million tonnes of oil equivalent3.60 MJ = 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh)1 barrel condensate = 0.935 barrels of oil equivalent1 PJ of Natural Gas = 172,000 barrels of oil equivalent1 tonne LPG = 8.46 barrels of oil equivalent
Bio Fuel
Very limited supply of used cooking oil - Moving from food crops to fuel will cause starv
Solar Cells
As of today, it takes about 20 years of constant use to get the energy used in manufa
Hydrogen
Embrittles its container (explodes pores in metals - forms brittle hydrates) is one of th
Batteries
No one talks about battery wear out - energy density goes down as the batteries wear ouranium as a fuel. approximately 45,000,000 Wh/l and 2,000,000 Wh/kg ????? Need a verified nuhttp://hypertextbook.com/facts/2006/TatyanaNektalova.shtmlThe energy density or energy content isalso a very important factor. Energydensity is the amount of energy stored in agiven system or region of space per unitvolume (MJ/L) or mass (MJ/kg). Thegreater the energy density the more energymay be stored or transported for the sameamount of mass or volume. Appropriateunits must be used for the proper situation.For example, when comparing the energycontent of hydrogen fuel to diesel fuel,hydrogen has a higher density per unitmass than diesel, but a lower energydensity per unit volume. The energydensity for diesel fuel ranges from 32 to 40megajoules per liter (MJ/L).
1 MJ = 10
6
J1 GJ = 10
9
J1 TJ = 10
12
J1 PJ = 10
15
J1 cubic meter (m
3
) = 35.315 cubic feet
 
1 tonne = 1000 Kg1 kilolitre = 6.2898 barrelsLPG60Natural Gas58Crude Oil76Coal (electricity)290NB: Actual calorific values vary depending on fuel composition.
Solid FuelGJ/tonne
Black Coal292724Brown Coal9.5Coke27WoodDry16.2Bagasse9.6Plant BiomassCotton trash18
Gaseous Fuel
Natural Gas39Ethane66LPGPropane93.3LPGbutane124Town Gasreformed gas20Gascoke oven18.1Gasblast furnace4
Liquid FuelMJ/litreLitre/Tonne
LPGpropane25.31960LPGbutane27.71750LPGmixture25.71928Gasolineaviation331412Gasolineautomotive34.21360Kerosenepower37.51230Keroseneturbine fuel36.81261Kerosenelighting36.61270Heating Oil37.31238Diesel Oilautomotive38.61182Diesel Oilindustrial39.61135Fuel Oillow sulphur39.71110Fuel Oilhigh sulphur40.81050Refinery Fuel40.91050Naphtha31.41534Lubricants38.81120
Emission indices (Kg CO
2
 /GJ)
Export cokingcoalExportsteaming coalLocal coal(electricity)
MJ/m
3

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