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Global Entrepreneurship Monitor - 2009 Global Report

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor - 2009 Global Report

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Published by fnetolab
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) is the world’s leading research consortium dedicated to understanding the relationship between repreneurship and national economic development.
For the past ten years GEM reports have been the only source of comparable data across a large variety
of countries on attitudes toward entrepreneurship, start-up and established business activities, and
aspirations of entrepreneurs for their businesses.
The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) is the world’s leading research consortium dedicated to understanding the relationship between repreneurship and national economic development.
For the past ten years GEM reports have been the only source of comparable data across a large variety
of countries on attitudes toward entrepreneurship, start-up and established business activities, and
aspirations of entrepreneurs for their businesses.

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Published by: fnetolab on Feb 13, 2010
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04/25/2011

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Niels Bosma and Jonathan Levie
 2009 Global Report 
Global EntrEprEnEurship monitor
 
G Etrereer Mtr
2009 Eete Rert
Niels Bosma and Jonathan LevieWith contributions from William D. Bygrave,Rachida Justo, Jan Lepoutre and Siri Terjesen
Founding and Sponsoring Institutions
Babson College
, Babson Park, MA, United StatesLeading Sponsoring Institution and Founding Institution
Universidad del Desarrollo
, Santiago, ChileSponsoring Institution
Reykjavík University
, Háskólinn Reykjavík, IcelandSponsoring Institution
London Business School
, London, United KingdomFounding Institution
 Although GEM data were used in the preparation of this report, their interpretation and use are the sole responsibility of the authors. The authors thank Alicia Coduras, Marcia Cole, Mick Hancock, Yana Litovsky, Jackie Odoch and Jeff Seaman for their various contributions to this report.The authors would also like to express a big thanks to all participating GEM 2009 national teams.© 2010 by Niels Bosma, Jonathan Levie and Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (GERA)
 
2
Te  Ctets
ExECuTivE Summary 51 inTroduCTion 8
1.1 The GEM Model 81.2 How GEM Measures Entrepreneurship 131.3 GEM Website, National Reports and Data Availability 14
2 a Global PErSPECTivE on EnTrEPrEnEurShiP in 2009 15
2.1 Entrepreneurial Attitudes and Perceptions 152.2 Entrepreneurial Activity 192.3 Entrepreneurial Aspirations 262.4 Entrepreneurial Framework Conditions an Assessment o Institutional Quality by National Experts 32
3 EnTrEPrEnEurShiP and ThE 2008-2009 rECESSion 35
3.1 The Impact o Recessions on Entrepreneurship: Evidence From GEM Data 353.2 The Impact o the Recession on Entrepreneurial Activity According to the Entrepreneurs 40
4 a Global ComPariSon o SoCial EnTrEPrEnEurShiP 44
4.1 Prevalence o Early-Stage Social Entrepreneurial Activity 444.2 Comparison Between Total Entrepreneurial Activity and Social Entrepreneurial Activity Levels 454.3 Who are Social Entrepreneurs? 474.4 What Sectors do Social Entrepreneurs Enter? 484.5 A Spectrum o Social Entrepreneurial Activity 48
5 EnTrEPrEnEurial inanCE in 2008-2009 52
5.1 Inormal Investment 525.2 Venture Capital 55
rEErEnCES 58aPPEndix 1: CharaCTEriSTiCS GEm SurvEyS 60aPPEndix 2: GloSSary o main mEaSurES and TErminoloGy 61GEm naTional TEamS 2009 62abouT ThE auThorS 70GEm SPonSorS 71ConTaCTS 71EndnoTES 72

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