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computer architecture

computer architecture

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Published by: tayyab236 on Feb 13, 2010
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11/24/2013

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CMSC 104, Section 301, Fall 2002Lecture 02, 9/04/021
Computer Architecture and Number Systems
Topics
What is Computer?
Major Computer Components
Computer Components Interconnection
Data Representation
o
Bits, Bytes, and Words
o
The Decimal Number System
o
The Binary Number System
o
Converting from Binary to Decimal, Decimal to Binary
o
The Hexadecimal Number System
o
Converting from Hexadecimal to Decimal, Decimal toHexadecimal
 
CMSC 104, Section 301, Fall 2002Lecture 02, 9/04/022
What is Computer?
A data processing machine capable of performingcomputations and making logical decisions very
fast
.
Consists of 
hardware
such as keyboard, screen,mouse, disks, memory, CD-ROM, and processingunits.
A program (
software
) is a set of instructionswritten in a computer language that runs on acomputer.
 
CMSC 104, Section 301, Fall 2002Lecture 02, 9/04/023
Major Computer Components
Memory
Unit (Main Memory, SecondaryStorage Unit)
Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU), CentralProcessing Unit (
CPU
)
Input/Output (
I/O
) Unit

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