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Introduction to Minirology

Introduction to Minirology

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Published by keltechnology2666

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: keltechnology2666 on Feb 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/30/2011

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CHAPTER 2:CHAPTER 2:Introduction to MineralogyIntroduction to Mineralogy
OBJECTIVES:OBJECTIVES: AT THE END OF THIS CHAPTER, A STUDENT SHOULD AT THE END OF THIS CHAPTER, A STUDENT SHOULDUNDERSTAND:UNDERSTAND:1. THE DEFINITION OF MINERAL AND ROCK1. THE DEFINITION OF MINERAL AND ROCK2. THE PYHSICAL PROPERTIES OF MINERALS2. THE PYHSICAL PROPERTIES OF MINERALS3. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SILICATE AND NON3. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SILICATE AND NON--SILICATE MINERALSSILICATE MINERALS4. THE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION OF SILICATE4. THE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION OF SILICATEMINERALSMINERALS
 
CHAPTER 2:CHAPTER 2:Introduction to MineralogyIntroduction to Mineralogy
What is Mineral? What is Mineral? 
 A mineral is a naturally occurring inorganic solid that possesse A mineral is a naturally occurring inorganic solid that possesses as adefinite chemical structure that gives it a unique set of physicdefinite chemical structure that gives it a unique set of physicalalpropertiesproperties
What is different between Mineral and Rock? What is different between Mineral and Rock
Rocks are collection of one or more minerals.Rocks are collection of one or more minerals.
 
Why we need to know a minerals in rocks? Why we need to know a minerals in rocks? 
In order to understand how rocks vary in composition andIn order to understand how rocks vary in composition andproperties, it is necessary to know the varieties of minerals thproperties, it is necessary to know the varieties of minerals thatatcommonly occur in them and to identify a rock, it is necessary tcommonly occur in them and to identify a rock, it is necessary tooknow which minerals are present in it.know which minerals are present in it.The building blocks of minerals are elements. An element is a laThe building blocks of minerals are elements. An element is a largergecollection of electrically neutral atoms with the same atomic nucollection of electrically neutral atoms with the same atomic number.mber. An atom is the smallest particle of matter that still retains th An atom is the smallest particle of matter that still retains theecharacteristics of an element. Each atom has a nucleus, whichcharacteristics of an element. Each atom has a nucleus, whichcontains protons (+ve) and neutrons (neutral). Orbiting the nuclcontains protons (+ve) and neutrons (neutral). Orbiting the nucleuseusof an atom are electrons (of an atom are electrons (--ve). The number of protons in an atomve). The number of protons in an atomssnucleus determines its atomic number and the name of the elementnucleus determines its atomic number and the name of the element..

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