Yule’s Characteristic- K
Yule’s characteristic K (1944) is usedas a stylistic parameter. It is stated that Yule’s K is independent of size of sample. This research paper is an attempt toexamine the statement.
Word distribution is a typical typeof distribution wherein the form of thedistribution changes with change insample size.Word distributions belong to theclass of distributions of ”multiplehappenings or repeated events." Itgives us the frequency distribution of frequencies. That is the variable
,defined as number of times a wordoccurs, itself is a frequency.Hence comparison of the worksof two authors and so also comparisonof the works of the same authorbecomes very difficult. Hencesomething which characterises theword distribution and yet isindependent of size of sample isnecessary.This type of characteristic wasprovided by Yule (1944).It is termed as Yule'sCharacteristic K.According to Yule theCharacteristic characterises the worddistribution and is independent of sizeof sample.He also says that, the conclusionabout the independence of
and sizeof sample is purely theoretical and thepractical student will not be thoroughlyconvinced unless the Characteristicstands the test of actual trait.
For different sample sizes wellspread over the text, we computedvalues of Characteristic proposed by Yule (1944).For this study we have selectedthe novel “Tess Of D'Urbervillies" of famous English author Thomas Hardy. The novel under study isdivided into twenty parts on the basisof number of words. It was decided totake different samples of sizes 500
; : : : ;
2900 words. There arethirteen different sizes of samples.From each of twenty parts onesample of each size was taken byfollowing sampling procedure.
From the start (first word) of each of twenty parts a sample of 500words is taken. Thus twenty samples of size 500 are obtained.
The next sample of 700 words isobtained from (351
word of each part.That is first 350 words are not taken insecond sample. Thus twenty samples,of size 700 are obtained.
The same procedure iscontinued till each part is exhausted,that is till less than 100 wordsremained in each part. This proceduregave rise to thirteen samples of different sizes from each of twentyparts.Thus 13
20 = 260 samples of different sizes are collected.
is defined as
: number of times a wordoccurs.f
= Number of words occurring xtimes.Xf
= Total number of words used inthe sample.If,S
= ∑ x f
= ∑ x
Yule's Characteristic is defined as,
) The data is analysed by using KarlPearson’s coefficient of correlation &graphs.