Though Wong did not complete her research on a mass level, her results do match those of previous massfindings. The outcome of this study will be helpful to educators as well as parents, in understanding thestrong points along with the limitations of a child in performing a certain task. By knowing these limitations,the child will not be strained to follow the footsteps and match or better the achievement of their moresuccessful siblings.In her paper Wong articulates the main theories behind ‘birth order and intelligence’, including Alder’stheory, which states birth order to be merely one of five major influences on personality development
(Stein,n.s.). She includes a framework in her paper, allowing the reader to see the array of literature on the issue, aswell as her ‘Statement of Problem’, which is stated under a subheading.Wong (2008, p. 10) directly states her research question as, “
Is there any significant relationship betweenbirth order and intelligence in Malaysian children?
” By stating her research question so blatantly there is noconfusion as to what the aim of the research is, which further helps in the establishment of its purpose andwhat outcomes can be expected.Each key concept of the topic is thoroughly explained in simple terms, and laid out clearly at the beginningof the paper. This allows understanding and comprehension of the main concepts of the research, increasingits reader friendliness.The limitations of the study were given as a part of the framework, and were addressed in the report. Themain limitation that Wong saw was that the sample size used in the study was too small to make ageneralisable and transferable result. The study was only conducted in one school and therefore its resultscan only be applied to that school context. Another limitation of Wong’s research was the applicability of the
Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test, 2
(KBIT2), as it also showed some cultural influence (a small part of the questions in the KBIT2 was beyond the knowledge range of Asians).Wong’s analysis of the previous literature related to the study is very thorough, and shows that while muchwork has been conducted on ‘birth order and intelligence’, none has been completed in a Malaysian context.Her analysis also shows that the debate on whether birth order does influence intelligence is continual, withmany researchers supporting the claim with their findings, while others dismiss it as merely a‘methodological illusion’ due to the variation in results from the different methods used (Evans &McClintic: 2002).
The data collection design used in Wong’s research was the quantitative research method. Using thequantitative method meant that Wong was able to numerically record and graph student’s IQ, allowingresults to be collected and analysed.The instrument used to gather information was the KBIT2 test, which tested the students IQs in addition totheir demographic data (gender, race, age, etc). Using this test over a tradition IQ test, Wong was moreaccurately able to test the student’s intelligence, in regards to influencing factors.The experiment was conducted over two separate days in an empty classroom, chosen to the convenience of the participants, school administration and researcher. The participants chosen were between the ages of 10-11, summing up to 65 students (20 males, 45 females). Wong’s decision to conduct the research over twodays, meant that no one was put out of place, and results weren’t cross contaminated, as both ages weren’t inthe same room at the same time. However the imbalance of the male to female ratio is of a concern, althoughno results showed difference between genders. Therefore the method of her testing was suitable, as itobtained valid results.