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II Samuel 7 Commentary

II Samuel 7 Commentary

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Published by glennpease
One of the most important chapters in all the Bible, for it gives us the covenant with David.
One of the most important chapters in all the Bible, for it gives us the covenant with David.

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Published by: glennpease on Feb 15, 2010
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03/15/2010

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II SAMUEL 7 COMMETARY
Written and edited by Glenn Pease
PREFACE
Many of the resources that I quote can be found by anyone,but I have brought them together in averse by verse study that makes it easier for those interested in Bible study to have thisinformation available. It saves a lot of time, and hopefully this will enable Bible students to bemore willing to study the Word. I have tried to quote the best thoughts of other commentators,but cannot quote all they say, and so each of them can be googled for more details of what theywrite. Some I quote are not named, and if you know who is the author I will be glad to give themcredit. If there are some who do not wish their wisdom to be shared in this way, I will delete it if asked to do so by the author. I can be notified at my e-mail address which isglenn_p86@yahoo.com
ITRODUCTIO
1. David Roper, “David's life falls into three distinct eras. During one part of his life he was in thecourt of Saul, serving there as an armor bearer and musician. The second period was his exile,when he was forced to flee from Saul's court. He spent some twelve to fifteen years being pursuedby Saul, and part of the time dwelt with the Philistines down in Ziklag. The final period of his lifeis his reign. 2 Samuel is preeminently the book of David's reign. It begins with his being anointedking over the southern tribe of Judah and reigning at Hebron. It concludes some forty years laterwith David a venerable seventy-year-old monarch, reigning over a united Israel. So the book isessentially the account of David's forty years of rule.”2. “Walter Brueggemann identifies this David and athan story as 'the dramatic and theologicalcenter of the entire Samuel corpus . . . one of the most crucial texts in the Old Testament forevangelical faith.'d” Many commentators agree that this is a central text, and some say it is themost important chapter in the Old Testament up to this time. It's importance is stressed by thefact that I Chron. 17 is a duplicate passage of this one, with some interesting details not includedhere. Robert Gordon called this chapter the “ideological summit . . . in the Old Testament as awhole.” John Levenson contended that God’s covenant with David “receives more attention inthe Hebrew Bible than any covenant except the Sinaitic.”3. “2 Samuel chapter 7 is one of the most important chapters in the OT and in the unfoldinghistory of salvation. It lays the groundwork for a great deal of what is to come and, of course, forour understanding of the predictions of the coming of the Messiah and of the coming of thekingdom of God that litter the Psalms and Prophets and then are cited in reference to the Lord
 
Jesus in the ew Testament. The fact that the Messiah would be a "shoot from the stump of Jesse" or that he would be born in Bethlehem or that he would sit on David's throne all hark back to the promise of God to David in this chapter. If you understand this chapter and can fit itinto the Bible's unfolding plan for salvation and for the history of the world, then you are abiblical theologian!” Author unknown4. This chapter contains the Davidic Covenant. God made covenants with the people. He madeone with Abraham which is spelled out very clearly in Genesis. He promised Abraham a seed thatwould bless all the earth with all spiritual blessings. Jesus Christ is the answer to that, of course.He also promised Abraham's physical descendents a land which ran from Egypt all the way up tothe Euphrates, ostensibly most of the eastern seaboard of the Mediterranean, that they wouldpossess forever. This is the Promised Land the Jews are looking for. ow God makes a covenantwith David which involves not only the physical children of Abraham, the Israelites, but also thespiritual children of Abraham. It has a twofold meaning. Interwoven in this covenant is both thepicture of David's dynasty which he established on earth and also the picture of the eternal reignof the Son of David, Jesus Christ.5. GotQuestions.org has this paragraph on the Davidic Covenant: “Question: "What is theDavidic covenant?"Answer: The Davidic Covenant refers to God’s promises to David through athan the prophetand is found in 2 Samuel 7 and later summarized in
1 Chronicles 17:11-14
and
2 Chronicles 6:16
.This is an unconditional covenant made between God and David through which God promisesDavid and Israel that the Messiah (Jesus Christ) would come from the lineage of David and thetribe of Judah and would establish a kingdom that would endure forever (
2 Samuel 7:10-13
 
). TheDavidic Covenant is unconditional because God does not place any conditions of obedience uponits fulfillment. The surety of the promises made rests solely on God’s faithfulness and does notdepend at all on David or Israel’s obedience.”6. This chapter can be broken down into these categories:DAVID'S PLADAVID'S PARTER DAVID'S PRESUMPTIODAVID'S PROMOTIODAVID'S PETITIO
God's Promise to David1 After the king was settled in his palace and the LORDhad given him rest from all his enemies around him,
1. It is about time that David reached a place in his life where he could actually rest and take iteasy. His has been a life on the run from his own king, or the kings of enemy peoples like the
 
Philistines. His life has been one long war up till now, and finally he has some peace and rest. Itgives him time to think and meditate, and that is where this story begins; with David's thoughtsabout the ark of God.2. Unfortunately, it did not last long, and as Gill wrote, “...this rest and peace did not last long;for the next chapter gives an account of each of the people he was engaged in war with, (2 Samuel8:1-18) .”
2 he said to athan the prophet, "Here I am, living in apalace of cedar, while the ark of God remains in a tent."
1. It seems that David is feeling guilty as he rests in the lap of luxury while God, who dwells in atent, is living in relative poverty compared to him. It does not seem right in his eyes, and he isthinking that it is time to update God's situation. It is time for an extreme makeover, and time toget God out of the tent.2. Pink, “Instead of being occupied with his achievements and self-satisfied with the positionwhich he now occupied, David was concerned about the lowly abode of God’s ark. Very beautifulindeed is it to see the recently crowned monarch solicitous, not for the honor of his own majesty,but, for the glory of Him whom he served.It is not often that those in high places manifest such interest in spiritual things: would that moreof the Lord’s people who are entrusted with a considerable amount of this world’s goods weremore exercised in heart over the prospering of His cause. There are not many who makeconscience over spending far more upon themselves than they do for furthering the service of God. In this generation, when the pilgrim character of the saints is well-nigh obliterated, whenseparation from the world is so largely a thing of the past, when self-indulgence and thegratification of every whim is the order of the day, few find their rest disturbed in the convictionthat the worship is languishing. Thousands of professing Christians think more about the welfareof their pet dogs than they do in seeing that the needs of God’s servants and impoverishedbelievers are met, and spend more on the upkeep of their motorcars than they do in the supportof missionaries. Little wonder that the Holy Spirit is quenched in so many places.”3. “This is the first mention of one of the most eminent men appearing in the history of the reignsof David and Solomon, athan, who, later, was to rebuke David for his sin with Bathseba, theman who became the tutor of Solomon (12:25). And who was the author of a history of the reignof David, and of a part of the reign of Solomon (I Chron. 29:29; II Chron. 9:29) from which in allprobability a large portion of the books of Samuel, kings and Chronicles is derived.” A. F.Kirkpatrick.3B. Gill, “This is the first time this prophet is made mention of, but often afterward, yet who hewas, and from whence he came, is not known; he appears to be a man of great piety and

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