Named after Viola Young (Brenner at al., 1999), it is identified through being negative in indoleand ornithine decarboxylase. It is positive, sometimes delayed, for citrate and arginine dihydrolase. Itutilizes dulcitol, 3-phenylpropionate, and L-sorbose, but not gentisate, 3-hydroxybenzoate, malonate, D-melibiose, 1-
methyl- D-glucose, or tricarballylate as sole carbon sources.
Named after Hendrik Braak (Brenner at al., 1999), it has two biotypes differentiated in theirabilities to utilize 4-aminobutyrate, lactose and lactulose as sole carbon sources. The species is capable of utilizing
-galactoside, 3-phenylpropionate, and L-tyrosine (delayed), but notL-sorbose as sole carbon sources. It is also adentified by variable indole production, ornithinedecarboxylase, arginine dehydrolase, and positive, sometimes delayed, in citrate utilization
Named after Chester Werkman by Brenner (Brenner at al., 1999), it has citrate and argininedehydrolase but does not produce indole and has no ornithine decarboxylase. As its carbon source itutilizes
-coumarate, D-lyxose, malonate, 3-phenylpropionate, L-sorbose and Dtartrate, but not dulcitol,4-hydroxybenzoate, Dmelibiose and 1-
Named after Jiri Sedlak (Brenner et al., 1993), it uses it utilizes benzoate, dulcitol, 4-hydroxybenzoate,
-inositol, lactulose, malonate, 1-
-galactoside and protocatechuate as itssole carbon sources but not 5-ketogluconate or L-sorbose. It also produces acid from dulcitol andmelibiose but does not utilize sucrose. Similar to C. braakii, it is positive for arginine dehydrolase,ornithine decarboxylase and indole production and citrate (sometimes delayed).
It is the one among
species found to have infected animals and man so far, another is
(Deng et al., 2003; Hartland et al. 2000) but it was maintained by Luperchio and Schauer(2001) to be have only been isolated from mice and was found to be the cause of transmissible murine