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Textbook of Yoga

Textbook of Yoga

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 A ATTEEXXTTBBOOOOOOFFOOGG A A 
bbyy SSwwaammiirriisshhnnaannaannddaa
 
The Divine Life SocietySivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, IndiaWebsite: www.swami-krishnananda.org
 
 
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CONTENTS
 
Chapter 1: The True Nature of Our Existence .......................................................................... 3Chapter 2: The Individual and Creation ................................................................................... 11Chapter 3: The Wholeness of Creation ..................................................................................... 19Chapter 4: The Immanence of Universal Consciousness ................................................. 29Chapter 5: Understanding Total Involvement ...................................................................... 37Chapter 6: The Three Root Desires ............................................................................................ 47Chapter 7: The Stability of Body and Mind ............................................................................. 55Chapter 8: The Yoga of the Bhagavadgita ............................................................................... 65Chapter 9: Meditation on the Ishta-devata ............................................................................. 74Chapter 10: Recipes for Meditation Practice ......................................................................... 82Chapter 11: The Rising of the Soul in Total Action ............................................................. 90Chapter 12: The First Stage of Samadhi ................................................................................... 98Chapter 13: Standing Inseparable from the Universal ................................................... 106Chapter 14: Consciousness Alone Is ....................................................................................... 114Chapter 15: Questions and Answers – Part 1 ..................................................................... 122Chapter 16: Questions and Answers – Part 2 ..................................................................... 133
 
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Chapter 1: The True Nature of Our Existence
Philosophy is supposed to be the investigation into the causes of phenomenawhich are around us and in which we also are involved. We see things happening,events taking place, but mostly we do not know why they occur at all. We canobserve winds blowing, rain falling, the sun getting hot and so on, as a routineaffair in our daily life, but many will not be able to explain why the winds shouldblow like this, as if unnecessarily. Why should it rain at all at a particular time?Why is the sun hot or cold, as the case may be? Why are things what they are?Questions of this kind have often evinced or evoked no proper answer. We findourselves many a time helpless in knowing what is happening at all in this world,and why we are what we are.The only thing that seems to be impinging upon us and has a direct effect uponour life is a series of troubles, responsibilities, difficulties, problems and the like,which we confront every day. Even if we are daily confronting problems,responsibilities and troubles, many of us, educated though we may be, may not know what our problems are. People many a time complain of difficulties in life.If you ask them, “Give a list of all your difficulties,” they will not be able to make alist. There is a chaos even in thinking about one’s daily confrontations. “What areyour problems, sir, about which you are daily complaining? Tell me all yourproblems. How many are there?” It will be very difficult to enumerate theseproblems. So, even those which we are facing daily, with open eyes, do not seemto be very clear to our minds.Our ancient seers and masters have boiled down all these problems, orconfrontations in life, to three categories: troubles that arise from our ownselves, within ourselves; troubles that arise from people and living beingsoutside; and troubles that arise from other sources which are usually calledcelestial in their nature, such as cataclysms, drought, earthquake andthunderstorms. By ‘celestial’ we do not actually mean coming from the gods inheaven, but from that which is above the earth, above our normal ken of operations.If you would not mind me using one or two Sanskrit words, I may tell you howthese ancient masters have designated these problems. Troubles that arise fromwithin our own selves are called
adhyatma
. Here
atma
means one’s own self,whatever be the concept of your self. The so-called ‘me’ is called
atma
. You haveproblems arising from your own self: you have a headache, stomach trouble,indigestion, fatigue, fever; you have mental disturbance, are worried, haveemotional tension and sleeplessness. All these may be considered as problemsarising from one’s own self. They are called
adhyatmika
problems, or

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