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Parte Intreaga-parte Fractionara,Clasa a VII-A

Parte Intreaga-parte Fractionara,Clasa a VII-A

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Published by: georgelbos on Feb 16, 2010
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07/02/2013

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CENTRU DE EXCELENTACLASA A VII – A, Algebra
PARTEA INTREAGA SI PARTEA FRACTIONARA A UNUINUMAR RATIONAL
Axioma lui Arhimede :
Pentru orice numar rational x, exista un numar intreg k,unic, astfel incat k ≤ x < k + 1.
Partea intreaga a unui numar rational.
Se numeste partea intreaga a numaruluirational x, numarul intreg k, cu proprietatea : k ≤ x < k + 1.
Notam :
k = [x] = partea intreaga a lui x.
Deci :
[x] ≤ x < [x] + 1.
Partea fractionara a unui numar rational.
Se numeste partea fractionara anumarului rational x, numarul rational x – [x].
Notam :
{x} = x – [x] = partea fractionara a lui x.
Deci :
x = [x] + {x}.
Proprietati :1.
x 1 < [x] x , x
 
Q
.
2.
[x]
 
Z
.
3.
0 ≤ {x} < 1
4.
[x + n] = [x] + n , x
 
Q
, n
 
Z
.
5.
{x + n} = {x} , x
 
Q
, n
 
Z
.
6.
[x] + [x +
n1
] + [x +
n2
] + … +[ x +
n1-n
] = [nx] , x
 
Q
, n
 
N
.
(Identitatea lui Hermite).
Exemple :
[3,2] = 3 ; [-2] = -2 ; [
21
] = 0 ; [-4,3] = -5
{2} = 0 ; {-5} = 0 ; {3,2} = 0,2 ; {-3,2} =0,8 ; {4,3} =0,3 ; {-4,3} = 0,7.
Exercitii :1.
Sa se calculeze partea intreaga si partea fractionara a numerelor :7,3 ; -1,56 ; 2,(8) ; -3
21
; -
16425
; -
122586
;
142005
; 3,(6) ; 1,72(32) ; -3,(12) ; (-1,3)
2
; (-3,4)
3
; (-1,1)
4
.
2.
Fie numarul
1)(nn1...431321211a
+++++=
,
n ≥ 1.Sa se determine n
 
N
*
 
astfel incat {a} = 0,999.
3.
Se considera expresiaE(x) = [2x] - [x] – [x +
21
]a.Sa se arate ca pentru orice x , 0 ≤ x <
21
, avem E(x) = 0. b.Sa se arate ca E(x +
21
) = E(x).
4.
Sa se rezolve ecuatiile :
a.
[x] = 01

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