Solution Manual, Chapter 9 –
Differential Analysis of Fluid Flow
General and Mathematical Problems
We are to explain the fundamental differences between a flow domainand a control volume.
is used in an integral, control volume solution
. Itis a volume over which all mass flow rates, forces, etc. are specified over the entirecontrol surface of the control volume. In a control volume analysis we do not know or care about details
the control volume. Rather, we solve for gross features of theflow such as net force acting on a body.
, on the other hand, is also avolume, but is used in a differential analysis
. Differential equations of motion aresolved everywhere inside the flow domain, and we
interested in all the detailsinside the flow domain.
Note that we also need to specify what is happening at the boundariesof a flow domain – these are called
We are to explain what we mean by coupled differential equations.
A set of coupled differential equations simply means that
theequations are dependent on each other and must be solved together rather thanseparately
. For example, the equations of motion for fluid flow involve velocityvariables in both the conservation of mass equation and the momentum equation. Tosolve for these variables, we must solve the coupled set of differential equationstogether.
In some very simple fluid flow problems, the equations becomeuncoupled, and are easier to solve.9-1
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