is a process to identify and determine in detail the particular jobduties and requirements and the relative importance of these duties for a given job. Job Analysis is a process where judgments are made about data collectedon a job.
, which is also called job review or job classification, is a systematicexploration of the tasks, duties, responsibilities and accountabilities of a job. Theprocess of job analysis involves collection of background information, selection of representative jobs to be analyzed, collection of job analysis information,development of a job description and job specification.
The formal and systematic methods of job analysis
are functional jobanalysis, the position analysis questionnaire, and the critical incident technique.Job analysis is useful for preparing job descriptions and job specifications whichare the basis for most of the HR activities like recruitment, training, performanceappraisal, industrial relations and wage and salary administration.
determines the way in which work should be performed which, inturn, affects the degree of authority of an employee over the work; the scope of decision-making by the employee; the number of tasks an employee has toperform; and employee satisfaction. The main objectives of job design are tomeet organization requirements such as higher productivity, operationalefficiency and quality; and to simultaneously satisfy the psychological andsociological needs of the employees.
The Job; not the person
An important concept of Job Analysis is that theanalysis is conducted of the Job, not the person. While Job Analysis data may becollected from incumbents through interviews or questionnaires, the product of the analysis is a description or specifications of the job, not a description of theperson.
1. Purpose of Job Analysis
The purpose of Job Analysis is to establish and document the '
' of employment procedures such as training, selection, compensation, andperformance appraisal.
Determining Training Needs
Job Analysis can be used in training/"needs assessment" to identify or develop:
assessment tests to measure effectiveness of training
equipment to be used in delivering the training