Essentially, the food industry involves thecommercial movement of food from field to fork. The modern food industry is the result of technological and cultural changes that haveoccurred over the last 150 years. Traditionally,over thousands of years, food production wascentered around two activities:
Labor-intensive agricultural activities, the farmingof grain, produce and livestock.
Personal food preparation, where individuals andfamilies acquire raw and minimally processedingredients, and prepare them for their ownconsumption.