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List of Greek Mythological Creatures

List of Greek Mythological Creatures

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Published by "Uj" Ujjwal

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Published by: "Uj" Ujjwal on Feb 17, 2010
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List of Greek mythological creatures
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Argus Panoptes
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Io(as cow) and Argus, black-figureamphora,540–530 BC,Staatliche Antikensammlungen (Inv. 585).
Argus Panoptes
ργος Πανόπτης) or 
, guardian of the heifer-nymph Ioand son of Arestor ,
was a primordialgiantwhose epithet "
", "all-seeing", led to his being describedwith multiple, often one hundred, eyes. The epithet
was applied to the Titanof the Sun, Helios,  and was taken up as an epithet by Zeus,
Zeus Panoptes
. "In a way,"Walter Burkertobserves, "the power and order of Argosthe city are embodied in Argos the neatherd, lord of the herd and lord of the land,whose name itself is the name of the land."
The epithet
, reflecting his mythic role, set by Hera as a very effective watchman of Io, wasdescribed in a fragment of a lost poem
, attributed to Hesiod
"And set a watcher upon her, great and strong Argos, who with four eyes looks every way. And the goddess stirred in him unwearying strength: sleep never fell upon his eyes; but he kept surewatch always." 
In the fifth century and later, Argus' wakeful alertness was explained for an increasingly literalculture as his having so many eyes that only a few of the eyes would sleep at a time: there werealways eyes still awake. In the second century CEPausaniasnoted at Argos, in the temple of ZeusLarissaios, an archaic image of Zeus with a third eye in the center of his forehead,allegedlyPriam's
Zeus Herkeios
purloined from Troy.
 According to Ovid, to commemorate her  faithful watchman, Hera had the hundred eyes of Argus preserved forever, in apeacock's tail.
Argus, the neatherd, dozes off :Velasquezrenders the theme of stealth and murder in modern dress, 1659 (Prado
Argus was Hera's servant. His great service to the Olympian pantheon was to slay thechthonic serpent-legged monster Echidna as she slept in her cave.
 Hera's defining task for Argus was to guard the white heifer Io from Zeus, keeping her chained to the sacred olive tree attheArgive Heraion.
She charged him to "Tether this cow safely to an olive-tree at Nemea". Hera knew that the heifer was in reality Io, one of the many nymphs Zeus was coupling with to establish a new order. To free Io, Zeus had Argus slain by Hermes.Hermes, disguised as a shepherd, first put all of Argus's eyes asleep with spoken charms, then slew him by hitting him with a stone, the firststain of bloodshed among the new generation of gods. 
The myth makes the closest connection of Argos, the neatherd, with thebull. In the
of pseudo-Apollodorus, "Argos killed the bull that ravagedArcadia,
then clothed himself in its skin.
The sacrifice of Argos liberated Io to wander the earth distracted by a gadflysent by Hera.
Calydonian Boar 
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Calydonian Hunt shown on a Roman frieze (Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
Calydonian Boar 
is one of the monsters of  Greek mythologythat had to be overcome by heroes of  the Olympian age. Sent by Artemis to ravagethe region of CalydoninAetoliabecause its king failed to honor her in his rites to the gods, it was killed in the
Calydonian Hunt
, in which many male heroes tookpart, but also a powerful woman,Atalanta, who won its hide by first wounding it with an arrow. Thisoutraged some of the men, with tragic results.Strabo
 was under the impression that the CalydonianBoar was an offspring of the Crommyonian Sow vanquished byTheseus.

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