is a device for measuring the wind speed, and is oneinstrument used in a weather station. The term is derived from the Greekword
, meaning wind. The first known description of an anemometerwas given by Leon Battista Alberti in around 1450
.Anemometers can be divided into two classes: those that measure thewind's velocity, and those that measure the wind's pressure; but as there is aclose connection between the pressure and the velocity, an anemometerdesigned for one will give information about both.A
is a recording aneroid barometer. It produces a paper orfoil chart called a
that records the barometric pressure over time.Barographs use one or more aneroid cells acting through a gear or lever trainto drive a recording arm that has at its extreme end either a scribe or a pen.A scribe records on smoked foil while a pen records on paper using ink, heldin a knib. The recording material is mounted on a cylindrical drum which isrotated slowly by clockwork. Commonly, the drum makes one revolution perday, per week, or per month and the rotation rate can often be selected bythe user.