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Indian Machine Tools Industry

Indian Machine Tools Industry

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Published by chanduluckyguy

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Published by: chanduluckyguy on Feb 17, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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BACKGROUND & HISTORICAL TRENDSThe Machine Tools industry in India dates back to the Second World War.Due to non-availability of imported machine tools, a few British ownedgeneral engineering firms took up their manufacture in India. This wasfollowed by the start of industrialization in a series of five-year plans. The process of planning in the economy resulted in a second phase of machinetools manufacturing with public sector investment in machine tools (HMTLtd. 1953). These two initial phases of development of the Indian machinetools industry saw the production of general purpose machine tools most of which were produced under technical assistance from foreign Collaborators(Oerlikon, Louden, Ward, Herbert, Jones & Shipman,etc.).The 1960s marked the third phase of the machine tools industry. During this phase,the range of products witnessed rapid growth and various types of machine tools including SPMs were manufactured. (Multi spindle Automats,Gear Cutting Machines, SPMs, Broaching Machines, Presses, etc.).The Fourth Phase began in the mid 1980s which saw the entry of Japanesemachine tools makers in the Indian market through licensing arrangements(Mori-Seiki, Mitsubishi, Hitachi-seiki, NachiFuji-Koshi, Murata, etc.).The fifth and current phase began in the early nineties after the liberalizationof the Indian economy. With market share of the bigger companiesexpanding and the public sector giants shrinking and those of the smaller companies rising, in-house design capability, entrepreneurial spirit, greater 
technology friendliness, operational flexibility and lean management,combined to give a greater competitive edge to the smaller companies set up by technocrats, resulting in a significant shift in machine tools production tothese medium sized companies. However, these companies producesophisticated machines and machines of higher capacity either singly, or insmall numbers.
Indian Machine Tool Industry ...Shaping theFuture
tools – a strategic industry, forms the backbone of many if notmost of the major sectors of industrial activity in a country in the traditionalmanufacturing context. Therefore, a country such as India which is on thethreshold of becoming a major global industrial and economic power musthave a strong, well-developed, robust and modern machine tool industry tosupport and assist its manufacturing sector.The machine tool industry in India has played and will continue to play akey role in enhancing competitiveness and enabling development of qualityand excellence in the output of the manufacturing industry and of the Indianeconomy as a whole. In India, the machine tool industry supports thestrategic development and growth of the automotive, the white and browngoods, the capital goods industries as well as strategic sectors such asdefence, railways, aerospace, etc. Machine tools also contribute to thevibrancy of small and medium scale manufacturing industries, in particular,the millions of job shops in the country.
In India, the Rs. 17 billion machine tool industry supports more than Rs.2,000 billion manufacturing sector in the country. The Indian machine toolindustry predominantly comprises manufacturers from the small andmedium-sized enterprises. There are about 150 major manufacturers in theorganised sector. About three-quarters of total machine tool production inthe country comes out of ISO certified companies that are involved inmanufacturing of metalworking machine tools, manufacturing solutions,accessories, and cutting tools & tooling systems. India-wide, the sector employs some 65,000 skilled and unskilled persons.5 – Axis VMC
Effective for die and mould, aerospace, medical implantation, power generation, transmission,automobile, and general engineering
Rapid traverse 48 m/min
Axes acceleration above 0.5 G
30 tools
15,000 rpm spindle
HSK A63 tool interface
Smooth chip management
Double column VMC
Heavy duty roughing and precision finishing of large components
Air through spindle
Mobile MPG
Hyd. counter balance system
CNC rotary table
Tool magazine side door
Linear glass scale
Oil skimmer
Scraper conveyor
Auto head changer
Airavat serious heavy duty
High pressure, high volume coolant system
Shower stream for component and pallet wash using integrated flushing system
Pneumatic cleaning system for spindle and tool changer

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