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Finite Element

# Finite Element

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06/23/2012

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www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Introduction to Finite Element Simulation
MAT6075Modelling acrossthe length scales
Finite element modelling

www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Questions
Thomas Schreflt.schrefl@sheffield.ac.ukLecture notes: per email
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Outline
IntroductionFinite element discretizationExample: Laser heating of a metalplate
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Finite Element Method
What can be done ?How does it work ?Can we easily use FEM ?
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter
http://analyst.gsfc.nasa.gov/ryan/mola01.html
FEM basics
basic concept
divide a complicated objectinto small manageable piecesthis simple idea can be found
everywhere
in our daily life – Lego (kid’s play) – buildings – cars – approximation of thearea of a circle

www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
FEM basics
basic concept
divide a complicated objectinto small manageable piecesthis simple idea can be found
everywhere
in our daily life – Lego (kid’s play) – buildings – cars – approximation of thearea of a circleNormal mode analysis
http://analyst.gsfc.nasa.gov/ryan/mola01.html
mode 1mode 5

2
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
FEM History 1
Archimedes
Approximation oftheareaof a circle
subdividecomplexobjectintofinite elementsLocalapproximationof thesolutionAssembletheelementequationsObtainthesolutionAnalyse thesolution
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
FEM History 2
Surfaceof minimumareaenclosedbya givencurve
Meshof trianglesthatinterpolatethesurfaceMovenodesto minimizesurfacearea1851 SchellbachLate1960s: designof theroofof theMunichareausingFEMMunich arena
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Steps of a finite element simulation
subdividecomplexobjectintofinite elements
Localapproximationof thesolution
AssembletheelementequationsObtainthesolutionAnalyse thesolution
8 finite elements
N
= 8,
S
N
= 2.8
R
2

www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Local approximation
h
Area = (1/2)
R h
sin
θ
=
h
/
R
h
=
R
sin
θ
Area = (1/2)
R
2
sin
θ
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Steps of a finite element simulation
subdividecomplexobjectintofinite elementsLocalapproximationof thesolution
Assembletheelementequations
ObtainthesolutionAnalyse thesolution
8 finite elements
N
= 8,
S
N
= 2.8
R
2

www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Steps of a finite element simulation
subdividecomplexobjectintofinite elementsLocalapproximationof thesolutionAssembletheelementequations
Obtainthesolution
Analyse thesolution
8 finite elements
N
= 8,
S
N
= 2.8
R
2

3
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Steps of a finite element simulation
subdividecomplexobjectintofinite elementsLocalapproximationof thesolutionAssembletheelementequationsObtainthesolution
Analyse thesolution
8 finite elements
N
= 8,
S
N
= 2.8
R
2

www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Analysesolution
Defineconstants
CalculateareaforoneelementCopycellwithareaExpandcolumnsPlot thesolution
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Analysesolution
Calculateareaforoneelement
CopycellwithareaExpandcolumnsPlot thesolution
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Analysesolution
DefineconstantsCalculateareaforoneelement
Copycellwitharea
ExpandcolumnsPlot thesolutionCell B7 copied
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Analysesolution
DefineconstantsCalculateareaforoneelementCopycellwitharea
Expandcolumns
Plot thesolution
mark row 8 and drag mouse
www.sheffield.ac.uk/materials
Analysesolution
DefineconstantsCalculateareaforoneelementCopycellwithareaExpandcolumns
Plot thesolution

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