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US Constitution

US Constitution

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Published by Guy Razer
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Published by: Guy Razer on Feb 17, 2010
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 We the People of the United States, in Order to form amore perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domesticTranquility, provide for the common defence, promotethe general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty toourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish thisConstitution for the United States of America.
 All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in aCongress of the United States, which shall consist of a Sen-ate and House of Representatives.
The House of Representatives shall be composed of Mem-bers chosen every second Year by the People of the severalStates, and the Electors in each State shall have the Quali-cations requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branchof the State Legislature.No Person shall be a Representative who shall not haveattained to the Age of twenty ve Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which heshall be chosen.[Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportionedamong the several States which may be included withinthis Union, according to their respective Numbers, whichshall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Termof Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fths of all other Persons.]* The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the rst Meeting of the Congressof the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. TheNumber of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least oneRepresentative; and until such enumeration shall be made,the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chusethree, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and ProvidencePlantations one, Connecticut ve, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Marylandsix, Virginia ten, North Carolina ve, South Carolina ve,and Georgia three. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to ll such Vacancies.The House of Representatives shall chuse theirSpeaker and other Ofcers; and shall have the solePower of Impeachment.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of twoSenators from each State, [chosen by the Legislature there-of,]* for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequenceof the rst Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the rstClass shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year,of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, andof the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so thatone third may be chosen every second Year; [and if Vacan-cies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recessof the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then ll such Vacancies.]*
No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attainedto the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be anInhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.The Vice President of the United States shall bePresident of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unlessthey be equally divided.The Senate shall chuse their other Ofcers, and also aPresident pro tempore, in the Absence of the VicePresident, or when he shall exercise the Ofce of President of the United States.The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeach-ments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be onOath or Afrmation. When the President of the UnitedStates is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And noPerson shall be convicted without the Concurrence of twothirds of the Members present. Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extendfurther than to removal from Ofce, and disqualication tohold and enjoy any Ofce of honor, Trust or Prot underthe United States: but the Party convicted shall neverthelessbe liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment andPunishment, according to Law.
The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections forSenators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in eachState by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may atany time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except asto the Places of chusing Senators.The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, andsuch Meeting shall be [on the rst Monday in December,]*unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.
Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returnsand Qualications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but asmaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may beauthorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members,in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each Housemay provide.Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings,punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with theConcurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, andfrom time to time publish the same, excepting such Partsas may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeasand Nays of the Members of either House on any questionshall, at the Desire of one fth of those Present, be enteredon the Journal.Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, with-out the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than threedays, nor to any other Place than that in which the twoHouses shall be sitting.
The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compen-sation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paidout of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in allCases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, beprivileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Ses-sion of their respective Houses, and in going to and return-ing from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in eitherHouse, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Ofceunder the Authority of the United States, which shall havebeen created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have beenencreased during such time; and no Person holding any Ofce under the United States, shall be a Member of eitherHouse during his Continuance in Ofce.

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