CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES
No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attainedto the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be anInhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.The Vice President of the United States shall bePresident of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unlessthey be equally divided.The Senate shall chuse their other Ofcers, and also aPresident pro tempore, in the Absence of the VicePresident, or when he shall exercise the Ofce of President of the United States.The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeach-ments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be onOath or Afrmation. When the President of the UnitedStates is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And noPerson shall be convicted without the Concurrence of twothirds of the Members present. Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extendfurther than to removal from Ofce, and disqualication tohold and enjoy any Ofce of honor, Trust or Prot underthe United States: but the Party convicted shall neverthelessbe liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment andPunishment, according to Law.
The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections forSenators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in eachState by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may atany time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except asto the Places of chusing Senators.The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, andsuch Meeting shall be [on the rst Monday in December,]*unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.
Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returnsand Qualications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but asmaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may beauthorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members,in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each Housemay provide.Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings,punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with theConcurrence of two thirds, expel a Member.Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, andfrom time to time publish the same, excepting such Partsas may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeasand Nays of the Members of either House on any questionshall, at the Desire of one fth of those Present, be enteredon the Journal.Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, with-out the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than threedays, nor to any other Place than that in which the twoHouses shall be sitting.
The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compen-sation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paidout of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in allCases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, beprivileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Ses-sion of their respective Houses, and in going to and return-ing from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in eitherHouse, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Ofceunder the Authority of the United States, which shall havebeen created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have beenencreased during such time; and no Person holding any Ofce under the United States, shall be a Member of eitherHouse during his Continuance in Ofce.