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Matematika 2. Godina Srednje Skole

Matematika 2. Godina Srednje Skole

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Zbirka resenih zadataka iz matematike za 2.razred srednje skole
Zbirka resenih zadataka iz matematike za 2.razred srednje skole

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10/02/2015

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1
STEPENOVANJE
Proizvod ...
nn puta
a a a a
⋅ ⋅ =
naziva se
n
-tim stepenom broja. Ako je
Ra
,0
a
i neka je
N n
Po definiciji je:
1)
1
0
=
a

primer: ,15
0
=
,1)3(
0
=
174
0
= ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛

2)
nn
aa
1
=

primer:,91313
22
==
1251515
33
==
______________________________________________________________________ Još važe slede
ć
a pravila:
3)
nmnm
aaa
+
=

primer:
75252
3333
==
+

4)
nmnm
aaa
=
:
primer:
4610610
777:7
==

5)
nmnm
aa
=
)(
primer:
155353
22)2(
==

6)
nn
baba
=
)(
primer:
255
1112)1112(
=

7)
nnn
baba
= ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛

primer
222
4747
= ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛

8)
nn
abba
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ = ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛

primer 49232332
2222
== ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ = ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
O
č
emu treba voditi ra
č
una?Treba paziti na zapis: 25)5)(5()5(
2
==
, dok 25555
2
==
. Uopšteno važi:
paran
a
)(
=
paran
a

neparan
a
)(
=
neparan
a
Dakle, paran izložilac ‘’uništi’’ minus.
www.matematiranje.com

2

Izra
č
unati:
24357
2:22)2:2(

753753232355234242222
(2:2)22222222282:22222
+
= = = = = = =
_____________________________________________________________
2)
Izra
č
unati:
532
39273

53523562321
393(3)33273(3)3
= =
6
3
551411
33333338133
= = = = =

______________________________________________________________ 3)
Izra
č
unati:
4335523
():(:)
x x x x x
=

x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
===== =
+
191091033531232553123255334
)()( :):(:)(  _______________________________________________________________
4)
Izra
č
unati:
4221
333
+++
nnn

===
+++++++++
423242214221
3333333
nnnnnnnn
114232)42()32(
=====
+++
nnnn
_______________________________________________________________
www.matematiranje.com

3
5) Izra
č
unati
4321
0625,0125,025,05,0
+++

=+++
4321
0625,0125,025,05,0 660666553651216216842 116182412161814121
4321 4321 4321
=+++=+++ = ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ + ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ + ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ + ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ = ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ + ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ + ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ + ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛
_________________________________________________________________
6) Izra
č
unati
321321
)3()2()1(321
+++++

=+++++
321321
)3()2()1(321 21424141271411271411)3(1)2(1)1(1312111
32132
==+=+++ =+++++
_________________________________________________________________
7)
Ako je
243
23415
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛  ⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ =
a
i
23
3510
⎠ ⎞⎝ ⎛ =
b
1
ba

424234233223242323236222232323323332222
134354355421225(2)35(2)3523253103(52)3523101052335555
ab
= = == = = = = = = = =
Kona
č
no: izra
č
unati i
1
ba

13622332
152352258200523
a b
= = = =
______________________________________________________________

www.matematiranje.com