LOGICAL PROBLEMS Edited
PROBLEM # 1:
In a certain mythical community, politicians never tell the truth and non-politiciansalways tell the truth. A stranger meets three natives and ask the first of them,” Areyou a politician? “The first native answers the question .The second native thenreports that the first native denied being a politician .The third native says that the firstnative is a politician.How many of these three natives are politicians?
If the first native is a politician then he lies and denies being a politician, but if he tellsthe truth and denies being a politician, in either case, then, the first native denies beinga politician.Since the second native reports that the first native denies being a politician, he tellsthe truth, and is therefore a non-politician.The third native asserts that the first native is a politician, if the first native is a politician, then the third native speaks the truth and is therefore a non-politician, but if the third native lies he is, therefore, a politician. Hence only one of the first and thirdnative is a politician, and since the second is a non-politician, there is only one politician among the three natives.
PROBLEM # 2:
Of three prisoners in a certain jail, one had normal vision, the second had only oneeye and the third was totally blind .the jailor told the prisoners that from three whitehats and two red hats, he would select three and put then on the prisoners’ heads. None could see what color hat he wore. The jailor offered freedom to the prisoner with normal vision if he could tell what color hat he wore. To prevent a weakly guessthe jailor threatened execution for any incorrect answer .the first prisoner could nottell what hat he wore. Next the jailor made the second offer to the one eyed prisoner.The second prisoner could not tell what he wore either. The jailor did not bother, but