that are yet to come, it is Vedanta and its practical application in daily lifethat can reconcile differences, even as a mother reconciles the differencesamongst her children. While it appears reasonable to require religions to justify themselves based on reason as do the sciences, it is unreasonableto expect this for the simple reason that the domain of operation of thesciences is sense data, correlation, statistical analysis, and framing of thelaw of causation, for use in technological developments, which are all inthe domain of
defined as timespace-causation or name and form.Statistics is a tacit admission of ignorance. We cannot say that athing
happen; only we can say that there is a probability that a certainthing will happen. Religion and religious experience, on the other hand,are extra-sensory experience which is experienced in the inner recessesof the heart, and spoken and exchanged in silence. In support, let usrecall:
yato váco nivartanteaprápya manasá saha.
So, in my view, the methods of science cannotapply to religion, though religions can be expected not to be in conflictwith reason as far as reason goes. Kindly mark the expression “as far asreason goes”. As to the inability of reason and argumentation to reveal Truth, we have,
1.ii. 8 and 9):
ananyaprokte gatiratranásti aîæyán hyatarkyamaîupramáîát; naiøá tarkeîa matirápaneyá.
SriRamakrishna tells ‘M’: “Don’t reason anymore.”On the futility of reason, we have in
the Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna,
Master to M.
) “Is there any book in English on reasoning?”
“Yes, sir, there is. It is called Logic.”
“Tell me what it says.”M. was a little embarrassed. He said: “
One part of the book deals withdeduction from the general to the particular.
For example: All men aremortal. Scholars are men. Therefore scholars are mortal.
Another part deals with the method of reasoning from the particular to the general.
Forexample: This crow is black. That crow is black. The crows we seeeverywhere are black. Therefore
crows are black.
But there may be afallacy in a conclusion arrived at in this way; for on inquiry one may find awhite crow in some country.
There is another illustration: If there is rain,there is, or has been, a cloud. Therefore rain comes from a cloud. Stillanother example: This man has thirty-two teeth. That man has thirty-twoteeth. All the men we see have thirty-two teeth. Therefore men havethirty-two teeth. English logic deals with such inductions and deductions.”Sri Ramakrishna barely heard these words. While listening he becameabsent-minded. So the conversation did not proceed far.Or, “Can one know God through reasoning? Be His servant, surrenderyourself to Him, and then pray to Him.” (
p. 107).Or, “Bhakti is the one essential thing. Who can ever know God throughreasoning?” (