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In their own words: Selected writings by journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999: Part 1e

In their own words: Selected writings by journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999: Part 1e

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Published by David South
Publisher: UNDP Mongolia Communications Office
Editor-in-Chief: David South
Research Editor: Julie Schneiderman
ISBN 99929-5-043-9
Printer: Admon Company
Part 1e of 250 pages.

In their own words compiles by theme the vast number of stories and features by journalists on Mongolia's transition experience from 1997 to 1999. A rich and unusual resource for a developing country, this book offers the reader a one-stop snapshot of how a country handles the wrenching social, political, cultural, economic and environmental challenges of changing from one political and economic system to another.
Publisher: UNDP Mongolia Communications Office
Editor-in-Chief: David South
Research Editor: Julie Schneiderman
ISBN 99929-5-043-9
Printer: Admon Company
Part 1e of 250 pages.

In their own words compiles by theme the vast number of stories and features by journalists on Mongolia's transition experience from 1997 to 1999. A rich and unusual resource for a developing country, this book offers the reader a one-stop snapshot of how a country handles the wrenching social, political, cultural, economic and environmental challenges of changing from one political and economic system to another.

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Published by: David South on Feb 18, 2010
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B yC H A NL E EM E N G
W
IT H
i t s
in h o s p ita b le
te rra in ,
s c a tte re d
p o p u la tio n , u n d e r d e -
v e lo p e d
c o m m u n ic a tio n s
n e t-
w o rk ,a n dis o la tio nf r o m
o th e rc o u n trie s ,
M o n g o lia
ish a rd ly
a sso c ia te d
w ith
th e
Interneta n d technological developm ent.
B utM o n g o liai s w e ll a w a reo f th e im -
p o rta n c eo f th e I n te rn e ta n d
Inform ation
T e c h n o lo g y ,a n d th egovernm ent isp la n -
n in g
v a rio u s
I T
initiatives, said
S u re n -
g u inB adral,fo re ig np o lic y adviser to the
P rim e M in istero f M o n g o lia .
T he governm enthopes th a t IT w ill h e lp
M o n g o liag e tp a s t itsis o la tio nf r o m
o th e r
c o u n trie s
a n d
im p ro v e c o m m u n ic a tio n s
b e tw e e n its o w nc itiz e n s .
A s w ith m ost countries in the
re g io n ,
M o n g o lia 'sI Td e v e lo p m e n t isc o n c e n tra t-
e dinm ajor C itie s. B adral said th eg o v e r n -
m enti stry in g t o increaseI T developm ent
inru ra la r e a s .
"W e also w a n tt o increasec o n ta c t w ith
o th e r c o u n trie sa n ds h a r e o u r e x p e rie n c e s
w ith e a c h o th e r,"h e s a id .
M o n g o liai slo c a te d
inN o rth ern A sia,
a n d
is
la n d lo c k e d
b e tw e e n
C h in a
a n d
R ussia (see m ap).

T h ec o u n try iscom posed o fv a s t sem i- d e s e rt andd e s e r tp la in s , and hasm oun- ta in sin th ew est a n dsouth-w est, a n d th e

G obi D esert in thes o u t h - e a s t
A lth o u g h
M o n g o lia
h a s
a n
a re a
o f
l,5 6 5 ,0 0 0 s q
k m
(n e a rly
fiv e
tim e s
th e
a re ao f M alaysia), it h a s ap o p u la tio n o f
only 2.36 m illio n .
W ith
few er
th a n
tw o
p e rs o n s
p e r
s q u a re k ilo m e tre ,M o n g o liai s a m o n gth e
m ost sparsely
p o p u la te d c o u n trie s in the
w o rld .Inc o n tra s t, M a la y s ia has ap o p u la -
U n iq u ec h a lle n g e s
O N
o
for IT inM on g olia
G ov e r n m e n tt o learn fromM a la y s ia 's I Tin it ia t iv e s
M ap
c o u r te s yo f th eP erry-C a sta ried a
L ib ra ry M apC o lle c tio n
(w v m .lib .u te x a s .e d u /L ib s /P C L M a p _ c o lle c tio n /M a p _ c o ll6 C tio n J i6 n l)
I n te r n e t c o n n e c tiv itya n d e x p a n sio nof IT
d e v e lo p m e n tt o ru ra la r e a s .
H ow ever,A P D IP
u s u a lly
c o n trib u te s
te c h n ic a l expertise and not hardw are,a c -
c o rd in gt o G rim ellet.
G rim elleta l s on o te sth a t c o u n trie s lik e
M a la y s iad o n o tre a llyn e e d - th eh e lp o f
A P D IP
b e c a u se
o f th e
g o v e rn m e n t's
in -
v o lv e m e n t in ITd e v e lo p m e n t.
'M a la y s ia
is
p ra c tic a lly
s e lf - s u f f ic ie n t
w hen it com es toIT ,m ainly because o f its
M u ltim e d iaS u p e rC o rrid o r p ro je c tsa n d
fo re ig nin v e s tm e n ts ,"h e s a id .
A P D IP h a s a close relatio n sh ip w ith th e
M a la y s ia n
g o v e rn m e n t,a n d
som etim es
draw so n th e
c o u n tr y 's te c h n ic a lk n o w l-
e d g ea n d
e x p e rie n c e w ithI T
in itia tiv e s ,
G rim ellet s a id .
A P D IP ,b a s e d
in
K u a la
L um pura n d
c o v e rin g4 2c o u n trie s in th e
A sia-P acific
re g io n ,p ro m o te sth e
use of IT
tof o s t e r
s o c ia la n d e c o n o m ic d e v e lo p m e n t.
F o r m ore
in fo rm a tio n ,c o n ta c t A P D I P
a t( 0 3 )2 5 5 - 9 1 2 2 , b yf a x a t( 0 3 )2 5 3 - 9 7 4 0
o r v isiti t s w eb sitea tT v w w .m y s .u n d p .
o rg /o p d ip /.
HE T
r t>
C /5
3o7 ?
(S ee
n e x t p a g e )
Il iI I I
ilriiM ly
<> (
i l l"M il
1 1 1
p O n tO llH
|K 'I
S i|
km .
A n o th e r m ajor c h a lle n g ei s closet o half
th e
p o p u la tio n
in
M o n g o lia
isn o m a d ic ,
a c c o rd in gt oB a tlra l.
"B ecauseo fth e s eg e o g r a p h i c a n ds o c i-
e ta lc o n d itio n s ,it is n o te c o n o m ic a lly
f e a -
s ib letola yla n dlin e s ," h es a id .
,
,
T herefore.M o n g o liai slo o k in gin to\u00bb \u00ab t-
e llitea n dw ireless

te c h n o lo g y to getp a s t these hurdles.Some nom ads alreadyh a v e th ete c h n o lo g yt o re c e iv e s a te llites i g n a l s , B adralsaid." Af a i r num bero f nom ads a l- ready carrys a te llite dishes w ithth c r

o
th e yc a nw a tc hT V ," h es a i d .
I n te rn e tg ro w th
i n
M o n g o lia
h a sa l s o
b e e n slowed because
th e re
is ate le c o m -
T e c h n os y sS d n B hd iw w ij-o)'-". ,'Y :- ,- \u2022- \.
N e h v orK 'rj.U p g ra d e .M a .r'e n jc ic ea n d R e n ta l a rea v a it a b t e
S u b in g
P a ra d e,L O
F lo o r,n **rG u tr d itn .3
\u2022 12 A p tH
C m non R o td S h o w .B u k lt R tjl,K lin g
1 0 -1 1 A p r il
T \u00ab h n oiy \u00ab S u p \u00ab r V \u00ab lu \u00ab M P C P \u00bb c k \u00bb g \u00ab
g y
F V *u m
TX Prob o\u00ab id St2 KB.
IB M 2 0 0 M X
2 2 S O
w j sx z -z 'stsx *
sssg ssgs s
^IX ?^^" ^^--S S w S S T LM \u00ab
1 4 ' S VG * M on flor(d ig ila l]
T .c h n oty \u00abT w ltt\u00abi P e n t iu m
IIP C
Fv nnw nI IL X 4 4 0 txw d
2 2M S
S O
H A M
2 5 OB H a rd d M l
S 3 V \u00bb o\u00ab2M 3A TXc u ir g .1 .4 4
2 4 X C O
R O M .
M
S O
a ou n dca rd
P e n t iu m
M2 3 3
P e n liu m M 2 0 6
P e n tiu m
H3 0 0
P e n liu m ll3 3 3
a u
3 5 0 0
3 9 9 9
4 5 0 0
5 1 00
2 30W ip \u00bb a K \u00ab \u00ab .l4
-
D ig it a l M on itor
O plion jl:W in d ow
9 }
R M JJO
T e c h n os y i O ffic *P a cfca g *
S IS
T Xb oa rd .S lZ K B
c a c h e IB M200M M X
t eM B
E D O R AM .
P e n t iu m
233M M X
2 .1 /2 .5G B
H a ld d is k .
S IS4 M BN A S A\u00abM PEG.
1 .\u00abM B O liv e
1 4 "L ik om
M on itor(d ig it a l)
W in O Sk e y b oa rd . m ou s op a d
M in ilow e ic a s in g
B U
2 699
3 0 9 9
:. W in d ow s9 5&
\u2022LotUSSm artsuiteO ?
O p t ion a l:
2 4 X C DR O M .
R U 3M
1 6W
3 D< ou n de iid .
P e rtiu m
b oiid .P C IV G A .C P U
.
IB MM X
2 0 0 .
P w t iu m
1 66M M X
F V liu m
200M M X
P V iu m
233M M X
AM D200M M X
.
8 0 0
8 5 0
9 9 0
IS CO
M O
H M ^tw n *l\u00bb\u00bbW H v \u00abd to\u00ab
Q U
1 4 * M on itor(a n a log )
3 \u00ab
1 4 ' M on rt of[d > g fla l)L ik om
4 4 0
IS -M on iloi(< *g i< > l) lik om
5 5 0
lot u <S m arts> jl>0 7
4 8 5
M t O tlk \u00ab9 7P m lx v on a l
1 7 5 0
2 5C B W .u .rnO ig iU I
4 7 0
b n \u00bbg a Z ip1 00 M BD iiv \u00ab
2 9 9
Bc a rtf o rP r ic in g o n m ore
1
P a rtt
4 2 A .1 t!FN .J in1 9 ^.4 8 3 0 0P J .W ;03-7S48353.7M 9158F a x ;7 5 4 \u00b01 M
\u00ab3> 1J n3W 6O Dm .h n \u00ab M .iaT rt M 71N 8m tIk n g O p cjjiirg jn y
2 0 J inN angka2T .n \u00bbR unv w n B *ta (\u00bb.7 S 1 5 0 H ih k iWCW -3CM O M S
3 ?J in6 SV I6 .T ^
i i i i i i i i i.il.iu n .1m o n o p o ly ,a n d
th ec o u n try
h a s
o n ly
o n e
ISP, according
to
B a d ra l.
" W e 'r e
lo o k in g
in to
d e re g u la tio n
a n d
o p e n in gu p th e m a rk e t,"h e s a id .
L e a rn in gfr om
M a la y s ia
M o n g o liac a nle a rnf r o m
M a la y s ia 'sI T
in itia tiv eand use som eid e a s for its ow n
n a tio n s
T
program m e,s a i dr e p r e s e n t a -
1
liv e sf r o m
th eM o n g o lia n g o v e rn m e n t.
B adrala n d other M ongolian represen-
ta tiv e s
w en;re c e n tlyi n
M alaysia to at-
te n di i n IT sem inaro r g a n is e d by the A sia-
P a c if ic
D e v e lo p m e n tInform ation
P ro -
gram m e'\P D IP ).
A P D i
.sd e v e lo p e d a n df u n d e d b y th e
U n itedN a tio n s D e v e lo p m e n t P ro g ra m m e
(U N D P )a n d isa im e d a tp ro m o tin gs u s -
x
ta in a b leh u m a n d e v e lo p m e n tb y im p ro v -
in ga c c e s st oin fo rm a tio n .
B adralw as
im pressed
b y th eM a la y -
s ia ng o v e rn m e n t'sI T in itia tiv e s
a n ds a i d
M o n g o liac o u ld adapt som eo f th e
id e a s
fo r its ow np u r p o s e s .
"B y
le a rn in g
f r o m
M a la y s ia 's
e x p e ri-
e n c e s w eh o p e tole a p f ro g o th e r c o u n trie s
in term so f te c h n o lo g y ," h es a i d .
B adrala n d other governm ent represen-
ta tiv e sarep a r t of aw o rk in g g ro u p a d v is -
in gth eM o n g o lia n governm ent o na s s e s s -
m e n t,p o lic ie sa n d
im p le m e n ta tio n of IT
s tra te g ie s .
T h ew o rk in g g ro u p m a yle a d loth e fo r-
m atio n of an a tio n a l ITc o u n c il forM ongo-
lia ,
sim ilart o M alaysia's NationalI n f o r -
m atio n
T e c h n o lo g y
C o u n c il(N 1T C ),B a-
dral said.
B adralw asa c c o m p a n ie d
by sixo th e r
governm ent re p re s e n ta tiv e s and oner e p -
re s e n ta tiv e
f r o m
th e
p riv a te
se c to r,fo r
th esem inar. T h esem inar w a sh e ld
f ro m
M arch 23-26a t W ism a U N a n d th ed e le -
g a te sh o a r d
p re s e n ta tio n sfro m
M im o s,
M DC,a n dv a rio u so th e r com panies.
They w ere briefed on a varietyo f Inter-
n e t-re la te d
to n ic sin c lu d in g
I n te rn e ta r -
h ite c tu re ,r
(atom s,a n d o th e ri s s u e *
B adral said
th eM o n g o lia ngovernm ent
isv e r y in te re s te d in thev a rio u s ITin itia -
tiv e si n
th isre g io n ." W e 'r elo o k in g
in to
the IT
in itia tiv e so fV a rio u sc o u n trie s in
th isre g io n so w e canle a m
f ro m
th e irc x -
e rie n c e s
a
m istakes,a n d
a ls o
s a v e
c o st a n d tim e , h es a i d .
A P D IPa id
G abriel A ccascina, Program m e M anag-
erfo r A P D IP ,s a id thesem inar is the first
o fa
s e rie sta ilo re d
fo r governm ento f f i -
c ia lsi nd e v e lo p in g c o u n trie s w ho n e e dt o
d e sig na n dim p le m e n t I Tp o lic ie s .
"W e
p ro v id e
in fo rm atio n
th a t
w ill
e n a b leth e mt o p la n , at an e a rlys t a g e ,o n
h o w
th e ir c o u n tryw ill p a rtic ip a tei n
th e
g lo b a ld ia lo g u e th ro u g h IT ,"h e sa id .
A P D IF sa id
c a n
h e lp
c o u n trie s
m ax im ise
re s o u rc e s ,
d e c re a s e
e x p e n d itu re
a n d
o b ta in
o p tim a lr e s u l t s in a sh o rt-
e r
tim e,
a c c o rd in g
t o
A ccascina.
P a tric kG rim ellet,p ro -
gram m e
a d v is o r
fo r
A P D IP
s a id
th e
p ro -
g ram m e also
helps less-
d e v e lo p e dc o u n trie s w ith
M on g ol i aon t h e N e t
M o n g o lia -re la te d lin k sa t Y a h o o
w w w .y a b o o .c o m /R e g io n a l/C o u n
trie s /M o n g o lia /
M in is try
of
E xte rn a l
R e la t ion s
of
M on g olia
w w w .m o n g o lia o n lu ic .n m /m e r/
N a tio n a lG eographicin fo rm atio na b o u t
M o n g o lia '
w w w .n a tio n a lg e o g ra p h ic .c o m /re
s o u r c e s /n g o /m n p s /a tta s /a s ia /m o n
g o l.h lm l
M o n g o liaR esourceP a g e
w w w .s o ro s .o rg /m o n g o lia .h tn il
A sia-P acific
D evelopm ent
Inform ation
Program m e(A P D IP )
w w w .m y s .u n d p .o r g /a p d ip /
I MT H E
O LDA N D
T H EN E W \u2022D e s p itec lin g in g toa n c ie n ttr a d itio n slik eh o r s e m a n s h ip a n ds e a s o n a lm ig r a tio n ,n o m a d icM o n g o lia n s a reg r a d u a lly
a c c e p tin gm o d e rnte c h n o lo g ie ss u c ha s v e h ic le s a n d com puters.
Inform ation
a n dte c H rio io a y
*
1 6 2
H IV /A ID S /S T D s
U BP o st
2 8 -1 0 -9 7
P h ilip p in ec on f e r e n c e
t a c k le sA s ia 's A ID S c ris is
M o n g o lia n sa tte n d for th e first tim e
B y D a v idS O U T Hi n M a n ila
M
or e
th a n
2 ,5 0 0
d e le g a t e s
h a v e
g a th e re d
in
th e
steam y
h ot
P h ilip p in e
c a pita lt o re n e w
th efig h t
a g a in s tH IV a n d A ID S .
W or k in g
up a sw eat
a lon g s id e
ot h e r
pa r-
t ic ip a n t s
a t th e

F ou rth In te rn a tion a lC on g r e s so n A ID S

in
A s ia
a n d
th e
P a c ifica ren in e M on g olia n s
\u2014
afir s t t h a tis n 't g oin g
u n n ot ic e d .
T h e
C on g r e s s op e n e d
S a tu rd a y
( O c t ob e r2 5 ) to
th e
p ou n d in g
b e a t
of a
them e song perform edb y
te e n a g e rs ,
c h a m p ion in g
d e fia n c e
of
d e a th
a n d
c e le b r a t iono flife .
T h a t t on eo f h op ew as
e c h oe db y
D r.P e t e r P iot ,
e x e c u t iv e
d ire c tor
o f
U N A ID S ,th eJ oin t
U n it e d
N a t ion s
Program m eo n
H IV /A ID S .
H e
s a id
th e
e p id e m ic
c a n

b es low e d d ow nw ithth erig h tp u b lic h e a lt hm easures\u2014

ap os -
it iv e m e s s a g ef o r M on g olia
a sitg ra pple s w ith a n S T D
u n s a fe s e x u a l b e h a v iou ri s
th e
S T Dra te .
Ia m
im -
pre s s e d
a t th e
s u s t a in e d
d e c lin e
in
S T Dra te s
in
A u s t r a lia .
H on g
K on g ,
S in g a p or e
a n d
T h a ila n d
ov e rth epast decade.
,"B ut
I am
c on c e r n e d
a c t u a l d e c lin e s
in
H IV in
t h isr e g ion h a v e oc c u r r e d
on ly
in
A u s t r a lia ,
N ew
Z e a la n da n dT h a ila n d ."
T h ec ou n trie s
t oM on -
g olia 's
im m e d ia t e
s ou t h

a n dn orth a re e x p e r ie n c in g e x p lod in g h e a lt h c r is e s .I n C h in a ,

H IV /A ID S
is
in -
c re a s in g at ara pidra te due
t o
fa c tors
in c lu d in g
g r ow in g p r os t it u t ion ,
d ru g
u s e
a n d
tra v e l
- -
a ll
b y p r od u c t s
of a
b oom in g
e c on om y .T h ein fe c t e d
p op u la t ion
ise s tim a te d
a t
4 0 0 ,0 0 0
a n d ise xpe c te d
t ore a c h1 .2 m illion by the
y e a r2 0 0 0 ,a c c or d in g
t o
C h in a 's
n a t ion a lA ID S
com m ittee.
T o th en or t h inR u s s ia ,
ac om p le t e c olla p s e in the
p u b lic
h e a lt h
s y s te m
h a s
d r a m a t ic a lly
s la s h e dl i f e
e xpe c ta n c y
a n d le d t o a n
~c T fs iTtfia rT n a n y " b e T re ~ v e
u p S u T g e T n T fia n yd is e a s e s ,
le a v e sth ec ou n t r y a tris k
in c lu d in gt u b e r c u los isa n d
of anH IV /A ID S e pid e m ic .
T h em a g n it u d e

ofth a t e p id e m ic ou t s id e M on g olia is

s ta rtlin g .A r ou n d
th e
w orld ,
2 3
m illionp e op le
a rein fe c t e dw ith H IV ,th e
v iru s
th a tc a u s e s A ID S .
B e tw e e n5 a n d 7 m illion of
th e m
liv e
i n
th e
A s ia /
P a c ificr e g ion .
"T h e
p oin ti s t h a t p r e -
v e n t ion
isfe a s ib le ,"
P iot
t old
th e
C on g r e s s . " T h e
re s u lts
c a n
b e
s e e n
in
t h os ec ou n trie s in theA s ia -
P a c ific
r e g ion
w h e re
th e
e p id e m ic
h a ss t a lle d or is
inre tre a t.
" A
g ood
in d ic a t or
f or
H IV /A ID S - .
W it h m a n y M on g olia n s
d oin g
b u s in e s s
in
b ot h

th e s ec ou n t r ie s ,th e rea re n u m e r ou s op p or t u n it ie sf o r A ID Sto e n te r th ec ou n t r y .

Aw id e r a n g eo f t op ic s isu n d e r d is c u s s iona t th e g a th e rin g ,

w ith
w om e n ,
y ou th
a n d
S T D - c on t r ol
m e a s u re s
of
p a r t ic u la r
in te re s t to theM on g olia n
d e le g a t e s .
F orth eM on g olia n s , th e
C on g r e s s is a nop p or t u n it y
t o
le a rn
f r om
ot h e r
c ou n t r ie s '
s u c c e s s e sa n d
fa ilu r e s in thefig h t a g a in s t
A ID S .
M on g olia 's
n in e - m e m -
b e r
d e le g a t ion
in c lu d e s
fou r
d oc t or s
\u2014
D r.
K .
D a v a a ja v ,
h e a d
of
th e
A ID S /S T D
D e pa rtm e n t
of
th e
R e s e a rc h C e n tre

f or In fe c t iou sD is e a s e s , H e a lt h M in is tryre pre s e n ta tiv eD r.

S .
E n k h b a t ,
M e d ic a l
U n iv e r s it y
d ir e c t or
D r.
L k h a g v a s u re n
a n d
D r.
D a ris u re nf r o m
th eU n it e d
N a t ion s P op u la t ion
F u n d .
A ls oi n
th e
te a m
a re
D e m oc r a t
M Ps B .D e lg e r-
m aa
a n d
S a ik h a n b ile g ,
U N IC E F 'sB . B a y a rm a a and
tw ore pre s e n ta tiv e s
fr om
w om e n 's
N G O s:
S .
T s e n g e lm a a
f r om
th e
W om e n 'sIn form a t iona n d
R esearch
C e n tre
a n d
N .
C h in c h u lu u n ,

e x e c u t iv e d ire c tor of theM on g olia n W om e n

L a w y e rsA s s oc -
\u2022ia t ion .
O n
S u n d a y ,
s e v e ra l
p r e s e n t a t ion s
foc u s e d
on
th e
d iffic u lt ie s
ofg e ttin g
p e op le to use c on d om s .
InF iji, s t u d ie sfou n d th e
m a jorityof thep op u la t ion
w as
a w a reo f A ID S
a n d
h a d
a c c e s st oc on d om s ,
b u ts t illc h os en ot t o u s e
th e m .
L is aE n riq u e z ,aF ilip in o
w om a n
w ho
is
H IV-
p os it iv e ,
g a v e
a
s ob e r in g
s pe e c h on thee p id e m ic .
"O ne
of the
m os tim -
p ort a n tt h in g s I'v e
le a rn e d
f r om
t h is
e p id e m ic
is
hum an
n a tu re .A ID S
is
s u c hah u m a n iz in g d is e a s e .
It
re m in d s
us of
b e in g
hum an,c om p le t e
w itha ll
th e
w eaknesses
a n d
im p e rfe c t ion s
of
b e in g
hum an.
L e t
u s
n ot
k id
ou r s e lv e s ;c h a n g in g
b e -
h a v iou r
is n ote a s y . O n e
d oe s n 'tc h a n g e
b e c a u s e
s om e b od yt e llsh im
or h e r
to do s o.
"W e
w illn e e d
to flat
ou r
a c t
tog e th e r,
in -
s t it u t ion a liz e
ou r
e fforts
a n d
c on t in u e
w or k in g\u2022
h a rd e rw ith
p a s s ion
a n d
pe rs e v e ra n c e ."
T h e
C on g r e s s
c on -
t in u e su n t ilO c t ob e r3 0 .

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