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Physics Module Forces & Motion

Physics Module Forces & Motion

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Published by: nickphysics4927 on Feb 19, 2010
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07/01/2013

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2.1
ANALYSING LINEAR MOTION
Physics Module j Forces & Motion (by nick SMSHS)
2
2.1 ANALYSING LINEAR MOTION
Distance and displacement
1.
Types of physical quantity:
(i)
Scalar quantity:\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab.
(ii)
Vector quantity:\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab
2.
The difference between distance and displacement:
(i)
Distance:\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab
(ii)
Displacement:\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab
3.
Distance always longer than displacement.
4.
Example:

The following diagram shows the location of Johor Bahru and Desaru.
You can travel by car using existing road via Kota Tinggi, or travel by a
small plane along straight path.
Calculate how far it is from Johor Bahru to Desaru if you traveled by:

a. The car
b. The plane
Solution:
Kota Tinggi
60 km
41 km
53 kmDesaru
Johor
B a h ru
has only a magnitude
has both magnitude and direction
length of the path taken
distance of an object from a point in a certain direction
Physics Module j Forces & Motion (by nick SMSHS)
3
Speed and velocity
1.
Speed is. .\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab
2.
Velocity is:. .\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab\u00ab. ..
3.
Average of speed:
4.
Average of velocity:
5.
Example:

An aeroplane flies from A to B, which is located 300 km east of A. Upon reaching B, the
aeroplane then flies to C, which is located 400 km north. The total time of flight is 4
hours. Calculate

i.
The speed of the aeroplane
ii.
The velocity of the aeroplane
Solution:
the distance traveled per unit time or rate of change of distance
the speed in a given direction or rate of change of displacement
total distance traveled, s (m) , v = s m s-1
time taken, t (s)
t
displacement, s (m) , v = s ms-1
Time taken, t (s)
t

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