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What is First Aid

What is First Aid

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Published by: hema89lata on Feb 19, 2010
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08/06/2010

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What is First Aid?
A common first aid symbol
First aid
is the provision of immediate care to a victim with an injury or illness, usually effected by a lay person, and performed within a limited skill range. First aid is normally performed untilthe injury or illness is satisfactorily dealt with (such as in the case of small cuts, minor bruises,and blisters) or until the next level of care, such as an ambulance or doctor, arrives.
Guiding principles
The key guiding principles and purpose of first aid, is often given in the mnemonic "3 Ps". Thesethree points govern all the actions undertaken by a first aider.
P
revent further harm
P
reserve life
P
romote recovery
Preserve life
- the overriding aim of all medical care, including first aid, is to save lives
Prevent further harm
- also sometimes called
prevent the condition from worsening
,this covers both external factors, such as moving a patient away from any cause of harm,and applying first aid techniques to prevent worsening of the condition, such as applying pressure to stop a bleed becoming dangerous.
Promote recovery
- first aid also involves trying to start the recovery process from theillness or injury, and in some cases might involve completing a treatment, such as in thecase of applying a plaster to a small wound.First aid training also involves the prevention of initial injury and responder safety, and thetreatment phases.
The main aims of first aid are to:
1.Preserve life - This includes the life of the casualty, bystander and rescuer.2.Protect the casualty from further harm - Ensure the scene is safe.3.Provide pain relief - This could include the use of ice packs or simply applying a sling.
 
4.Prevent the injury or illness from becoming worse - Ensure that the treatment you provide does notmake the condition worse.5.Provide reassuranceIt is important to understand that first aid has its limitations and does not take the place of professionalmedical treatment.
Immediate action
Taking immediate action is the essential principle in first aid. Bystanders or relatives may not recognise thebasic symptoms of an injury or illness and may wait hours before calling for help. Often people are worriedabout “doing the wrong thing”, so don’t attempt any first aid at all. If a person is sick or injured, then theyneed help, and they need it immediately.A casualty who is not breathing effectively, or is bleeding heavily, requires immediate aid. Prompt effectivefirst aid gives the casualty a much better chance of a good recovery.It is important that prompt action does not lead to panic, and the first aider should form a plan of action.Careful and deliberate action undertaken without too much delay is most beneficial to the casualty. Try toremain calm and think your actions through. A calm and controlled first aider will give everyone confidencethat the event is being handled efficiently and effectively.Each emergency is different, so it is impossible to provide you with a precise list of things you need to do forevery emergency. However, if you follow the ‘principles of first aid’ as outlined, you should deliverappropriate care, even if you are not sure of what the underlying problem is.
Why is knowing First Aid so important?
It is important to know First Aid so that you can be a help to yourself or others thatmay be injured. The chances of someone recovering more easily, or even survivingan accident or injury can be greatly improved if someone immediately uses first aidknowledge to help assist them.
First aid kit
A
first aid kit
is a collection of supplies and equipment for use in givingfirst aid.
[1] 
First aid kits may be made up of different contents depending on who has

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