A: ABSTRACT and KEYWORDSAbstract
: The development of tropical forests – and especially evergreen tropical rainforests – has been a widely acknowledged and wildly discussed topic for decades: deforestation inthe tropics continues at alarming rates, with dreadful consequences such as the rapid loss of biodiversity or the increased release of carbon stocks with regard to global warming. Thisthesis takes a closer look at seven countries that harbor tropical rainforests: ecological zonesand forest types, the state of forest resources and trends in forest development are being presented as general information; then, national forest programs, laws and policies are beingexamined more closely, leading to a final section for each country which summarizes theoutcomes and attempts to condense and explain why most programs fail. The last part of the paper seeks to compare and summarize trends in the different countries, concluding that theimpact of national forest programs in the examined tropical countries has been very low.Lastly, negative effects of ongoing tropical deforestation, positive trends over the pastdecades and limitations to the study are being reviewed.
: Evergreen humid tropical rainforest, state of tropical forests, tropical forestry,tropical forest development, impact of national forest policy, Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Congo,Cameroon, Vietnam, Indonesia