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the authority and corrective teaching of Titus (2:15). Believers are to be submissive torulers and authorities (3:1) and are to show perfect courtesy to all (3:2).It is cool to be insubordinate in Seattle. Many of us like to talk trash about the President,Corporate America and the ineptness of the local government. All authority must work itsway out from under the doubt initially cast upon it. In many ways, this creeps into thechurch as well. Pastors must work themselves out from under the stereotypes of fraud,deceivers, adulterers, and closed-minded conservative bigots. However, members of thechurch should be slower to accuse and quicker to see the hearts of their leaders and thetruth they proclaim. We are the church of the disillusioned and rebellious anarchists.
Spiritual leaders must be serving God with authenticity (1:11b).
The Cretanshistorically had a bad reputation for itinerate "prophets for profit" (Polybius, Livy, Plutarch).Church leaders can receive a respectable wage for their services but are not to takeadvantage of others. Additionally, their teaching is not to be gospel-plus anything. It is tobe the good news of Jesus as our Savior through faith in His death, burial and resurrection(1 Cor. 15:3-6). They taught
what they ought not to teach."
This is translated, "teachingthat which is unnecessary." This conveys something of the content of their teaching. Theytaught "unnecessary" additions to the gospel. They added to what Christ had done; notbeing satisfied that Jesus' death was enough to effectively atone for our sins and propitiatethe just wrath of God. More was needed in their estimation, such as following dietary laws,observing particular feast days, circumcision, and strict Sabbath regulations.
Spiritual leaders are to live gospel-centered lifestyles (1:12; 2:12).
Paul quotes aseventh century B.C. prophet by the name of Epimenides. Plato and Aristotle lauded him forbeing a divine prophet. His assessment of the Cretans, applied especially in this case to the
that were deceiving the churches, Paul considered right on target.
"One of the Cretans, a prophet of their own, said, 'Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, lazy gluttons.' This testimony is true."
The message of the first church was the message of Jesusas taught to them and as commanded to teach to others.LIARS (1:12)EVIL BEASTS (1:12)LAZY GLUTTONS (1:12)
GRACE OF GOD BRINGING SALVATION (2:11)
SELF-CONTROLLED (2:12)UPRIGHT (2:12)GODLY (2:12)The Gospel changes the character of man. God never lies (1:2). An elder with gospel-centered character will be above reproach (1:6) and will hold firmly to the trustworthy word(1:9). False teachers turn from the truth (1:14). Older women will not to be slanderous(2:3). Younger men will demonstrate honest, fruit-bearing character (2:7). Employees willno longer to steal (2:10).
Spiritual leaders are to teach a gospel a gospel-centered message (1:14-15).
Paulsummed up their teaching:
"Jewish myths and commands of people who turn away from thetruth."
This is very evident by the implication in verse 15, that unclean foods and neglectingreligious rituals and associating with anything unclean nullifies the merit of Christ for thebeliever; that Christ is not enough. "Jewish myths and commands of people" weresuperstitions and ascetic practices passed along as truth, and legalistic commandssupposedly to gain righteousness. However, the fact is that these things cause a person to"turn away from the truth," with "truth" being a technical term for the gospel. Here is the