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Management Book

Management Book

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Published by meelas123

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Published by: meelas123 on Feb 20, 2010
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Management is the art of getting things done through others and with formally organizedgroups.OR Management is the art and science of organizing and directing human efforts applied to controlthe forces and utilize the material of nature for the benefit of man.
American society of mechanical engineers.Functional concept
-as a process, management is what a manager performs.
William Spriegel
Management is the process by which a cooperative group directs action towards acommon goal.
Joseph MessieHuman Relations concept-
Management is the art of directing and inspiring people.
J.D Mooney, and A.C RaileyLeadership and decision making concept-
Management is the art and science of decision-making and leadership. 
Donald J Clough
Management means decision-making
Ross MooreProductivity concept-
Management is the art of knowing what to do ------------ in thecheapest way.
F.W Taylor
Management is a technique of increasing productivity.--Management means designing, organizing defining goals formulating policies andstrategies in accordance with the prevalent environmental conditions and these environmentalconditions are known as situations.--Management is merging quality and variety with cost that is providing unlimited varietyof goods, better quality and at lowest price level to the customers.--Management is defined as a process of identifying problems and threats and taking careof these problems and threats in such manner that ultimately these turn out into opportunitieswhich could benefit the organization in accomplishment of its objectives.
In latest view:
 Now a days in corporate sector taking advantage of the opportunities does not matter.What matters is to convert or translate the opportunities then to face difficulties.
Definitions based on mixed views:
Good management achieves a social objective with the best use of human and materialenergy and time and with satisfactions for the participants and the public.
Mary cursing Niles
Management is the direction of human behaviour towards a particular goal or objective.
On the basis of all the above-mentioned definitions it can be asserted. Management is the process which by planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling, a human group makes possible the maximum and efficient use of physical resources and helps in realizing the pre-determined objectives of any organization.
In modern times when human needs are continuously rising, it is absolutelyimpossible to fulfill them single-handed. In such a situation the need of group activity is felt.Man cannot produce any single thing by himself alone and there is always the necessity of ahuman group whose activities and be named collective effort. Thus on human group produceone particular produce while another such group produce something different and hence, humanneeds are fulfill by collective efforts of different human groups.Now the question arises whether all the people’s comprising a particular human groupare competent enough to achieve success in their activities without any outside discussion andcontrol.The obvious to this all-important question can only be in the negative. The reason for such an answer is complex. So long particular human groups for into have their air aims,definite planning, proper distribution of work, defining rights and duties, establishing proper co-ordination among them, directing and controlling their activities, success cannot be achieved.These are the problems, which give rise to another question, which is equally important, and thequestion is how to overcome these problems? The answer to this really complex question ininherent in management.Through the medium of management all these above-mentioned problems can be solve.The activities of a human group can be efficiently managed on the pre-determined problems can be effectively achieved handling by a manager. It would not be out of place to mention here thatthe absence of proper management, the activities of a human group are like a ship without acaptain. Thus it is evident that success of collective efforts requires some special power. ANDTHAT POWER IS THE MANAGER, who ensures the success of different activities by the
 process of management. It is important to classify here that the importance of management isnot limited to business alone but it is needed at all those places where human activities take place-for example: educational Institutions, Religious Institution, Govt. departments, unions,forces, families.
MEANING OF MANAGEMENT“Anything minus Management is nothing”
Sherlekar and Sherlekar’— 
The word “management” can be styled as MANAGE-MEN-T. That means manage mentactfully. Why manage men tactfully. This is with a view to get the things done being withthem. Thus management means managing men tactfully to get the things done being with them.Thus management. In order to manage men tactfully, one has to understand the highlyunpredictable and uncertain human nature owing to this management is very complicated andchallenging activity.Some times it is known as a group of administration officers working in a particular institution and sometimes it means a process of planning, organizing, staffing, directing, co-coordinating and controlling.In the light of different opinions the
meaning of management can be analyzed in thefollowing ways:
Management as a process:
some times it is defined as a process. A process hasmeans that different activities like planning, organizing, staffing, leading, controllingthrough a definite process.(ii)In other words, management is a definite process when coordinates different activitiesfor the attainment of an aim or target set by an institution or organization.(iii)
Management as a discipline:
management is fast emerging as a discipline. Disciplinehere means a separate and recognized subject, which has its own identity.Management is also being recognized as separate syllabi because it has its ownthoughts, principles and methodology.(iv)
Management as a economic resource:
economists have accepted management as aresource of production like other resources (land, labour, capital, material andmachine). Production is not possible without these basic things.(v)
Management as a noun:
when it is addressed as a noun, it is related to those personswho get other people’s work completed.
board of directors, managing, generalmanages etc.

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