Principles of Management: Introduction
WHAT IS ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT?
An organization is a group of people working together in a structured and coordinated fashion toachieve a set of goals.
Ricky W. Griffin,
Edition, Houghton Mifflin Book Company, Boston, USA)
Organization is a systematic arrangement of people to accomplish some specific purpose.
(Stephen P. Robbins and Mary Coulter
Edition, Prentice Hall of India Ltd)Organization implies a formalized intentional structure of roles or positions.
(Heinz Weihrich andHarold Koontz,
Management: A Global Perspective,
Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Book Company, India.)
An organization is a group of two or more people that exists and operates toachieve clearly stated, commonly held objectives.
(Straub and Attner,
Introduction to Business,
Kent publishing, 2004.p. 9109.)
From the above definitions it is clear to us that people create organizations to help achieved some pre-specific objectives or purposes.
WHAT IS MANAGEMENT?
Some people define management as managing people tactfully. People are the most valuable resourcesused by any organization. Others defined it as getting things done throughout the effort of other people.Here we are citing some definitions of eminent writers on management:Management is the process aimed at accomplishing organizational objectives by: I) effectivelycoordinating the procurement, allocation, and utilization of human, physical resources of theorganization; and 2) maintaining the organization in a state of dynamic equilibrium with theenvironment. This definition plays important on two aspects namely, coordinating among differentresources and maintaining harmony with the environment in which the organization is continuing itsoperations.(
Arvind V. Phatak
, International; Dimensions of Management, The Kent InternationalBusiness Series, PWS-KENT PUBLISHING COMPANY, BOSTON, USA)Management is the process of efficiently getting activities completed with and through other people.The management process includes the planning, organizing, leading and controlling activities that take place to accomplish objectives (
David A. DeCenzo and Stephen P. Robbins, Personnel/HRM 3
Ed,Prentice-hall of India)
.Management can be defined as a set of activities (including planning and decision making, organizing,leading, and controlling) directed at an organization’s resources (human, financial, physical andinformation) with the aim of achieving organizational goals in an efficient and effective manner.
, 7th Edition, Houghton Mifflin Book Company , Boston, USA)
The term management refers to the process of getting activities completed efficiently and effectivelywith and through other people.
(Stephen P. Robbins and Mary Coulter,
Edition, Prentice Hall of India Ltd)