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CONCENTRIC TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER

# CONCENTRIC TUBE HEAT EXCHANGER

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03/15/2015

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Title2
2.
Objective2
3.
Theory2
4.
Equipment3
5.
Procedure5
6.
Data and Results6
7.
Sample Of Calculation7
8.
Analysis and Discussion9
9.
Conclusion10
10.
References10
TITLE:CONCENTRIC TUBE HEAT EXCHANGEOBJECTIVE:
To demonstrate the effect of flow rate variation on the performancecharacteristics of a counter-flow concentric tube heat exchanger.1

THEORY:
The equations for calculating the performance characteristics: power emitted, power absorbed, power lost, efficiency (), logarithmic mean temperature (), and overall heattransfer coefficient (U).The efficiency for the cold medium is:
η
c
= (T
c,out
– T
c,in
) / (T
h,in
– T
c,in
) × 100
The efficiency for the hot medium is:
η
h
= (T
h,in
– T
h,out
) / (T
h,in
– T
c,in
) × 100
The mean temperature efficiency is:
η
mean =
(

η
c
+ η
h
) / 2
The
power emitted
is given below (where V
h
is the volumetric flow rate of the hotfluid):
Power Emitted = V
h
ρ
h
C
ph
( T
h,in
– T
h,out
)
The
power absorbed
is given below (where Vc is the volumetric flow rate of the coldfluid):
Power Absorbed = V
c
ρ
c
C
pc
( T
c,out
– T
c,in
)
2

The
power lost
is therefore:
Power Lost = Power Emitted – Power Absorbed
The
overall efficiency (η)
is:
η=(Power Absorbed / Power Emitted) × 100
The
logarithmic mean temperature difference (ΔTm)
is:
ΔT
m
= (ΔT
1
– ΔT
2
) / ln (ΔT
1
/ΔT
2
)= [ (T
h,in
– T
c,out
) – (T
h,out
– T
c,in
) ] / ln [(T
h,in
– T
c,out
) / (T
h,out
T
c,in
)]
The
overall heat transfer coefficient (U)
is:
U = Power Absorbed / As . ΔTm
Where the surface area (As) for this heat exchanger is
0.067 m²EQUIPMENT:
The experiment set-up consists of:a)Set of tube heat exchanger. b)Cold fluids supply and hot fluids supply.c)Digital stopwatch.3