8Human Resource Management
1.2HUMAN RESOURCE PHILOSOPHY
Human Resource Management is a process of bringing people and organisations togetherso that the goals of each are met. It tries to secure the best from people by winning theirwholehearted cooperation. In short, it may be defined as the art of procuring, developingand maintaining competent workforce to achieve the goals of an organisation in an effectiveand efficient manner. It has the following features:i.
HRM is pervasive in nature. It is present in all enterprises. Itpermeates all levels of management in an organisation.ii.
HRM focuses attention on action, rather than on record keeping,written procedures or rules. The problems of employees at work are solved throughrational policies.iii.
It tries to help employees develop their potential fully. Itencourages them to give their best to the organisation. It motivates employeesthrough a systematic process of recruitment, selection, training and developmentcoupled with fair wage policies.iv.
HRM is all about people at work, both as individuals and groups.It tries to put people on assigned jobs in order to produce good results. The resultantgains are used to reward people and motivate them toward further improvementsin productivity.v.
Effective HRM helps an organisation meet its goals in the futureby providing for competent and well-motivated employees.vi.
HRM intends to develop the full potential of employees.The reward structure is tuned to the needs of employees. Training is offered tosharpen and improve their skills. Employees are rotated on various jobs so thatthey gain experience and exposure. Every attempt is made to use their talents fullyin the service of organisational goals.vii.
HRM tries to build and maintain cordial relations betweenpeople working at various levels in the organisation. In short, it tries to integratehuman assets in the best possible manner in the service of an organisation.viii.
HRM is, to some extent, concerned with anyorganisational decision which has an impact on the workforce or the potentialworkforce. The term ‘workforce’ signifies people working at various levels, includingworkers, supervisors, middle and top managers. It is concerned with managingpeople at work. It covers all types of personnel. Personnel work may take differentshapes and forms at each level in the organisational hierarchy but the basic objectiveof achieving organisational effectiveness through effective and efficient utilisationof human resources, remains the same. “It is basically a method of developingpotentialities of employees so that they get maximum satisfaction out of their work and give their best efforts to the organisation”. (
Pigors and Myers
HR departments exist to assist and advise the line or operatingmanagers to do their personnel work more effectively. HR manager is a specialistadvisor. It is a staff function.x.
HRM is a multi-disciplinary activity, utilising knowledgeand inputs drawn from psychology, sociology, anthropology, economics, etc. To