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Energetics Test

Energetics Test

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A short test on energetics which I had given to one of my A level student from the UK. If you require the key to this test, do leave me a message for the same and I shall mail it to you.
A short test on energetics which I had given to one of my A level student from the UK. If you require the key to this test, do leave me a message for the same and I shall mail it to you.

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Published by: Vytheeshwaran Vedagiri on Feb 20, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/22/2010

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TEST—ENERGETICS
Date: 04-10-2009Maximum Marks: 50Time: 1 hour 15 minutes
INSTRUCTIONS:
(a)
 
The questions are given in the following page(b)
 
Be honest(c) Be patient(d) Be confident
ALL THE BEST!
 
 
1.
 
How are the following represented? (3 marks)a.
 
Enthalpyb.
 
Entropyc.
 
Change in temperatured.
 
Gibbs free energye.
 
Enthalpy of neutralizationf.
 
Hydration energy2.
 
State Hess’ law. How is it useful in energetics? (2 marks)3.
 
What are exothermic and endothermic reactions? Construct energy diagrams to illustratethese reactions and give one example each. What happens to
Δ
H values in both types of reactions? (5 marks)4.
 
What is enthalpy of combustion? How is it represented? (2 marks)5.
 
What happens to the entropy under the following conditions? (5 marks)a.
 
Water is boiledb.
 
Sodium metal is exposed to airc.
 
Sugar is dissolved in waterd.
 
The piston of a syringe with medicine is pushed inwardse.
 
Sublimation of camphor6.
 
The heat of combustion of ammonia and hydrogen are
9.06 kcal and
68.9 kcalrespectively. Calculate the heat of formation of ammonia. (5 marks)7.
 
Heat of combustion of ethyl alcohol (C
2
H
5
OH) is
325 kcal and that of acetic acid(CH
3
COOH) is
209.5 kcal. Calculate the heat evolved in the following reaction. (5 marks)
8.
 
The molar heats of combustion of C
2
H
2
(g), graphite and H
2
(g) are
310.62 kcal,
94.05 kcaland
68.32 kcal respectively. Calculate the standard heat of formation of C
2
H
2
(g). (5 marks)
 
9.
 
The standard heats of formation at 298 K for CCl
4
(g), H
2
O(g), CO
2
(g) and HCl(g) are
25.5 kcal mol
-1
,
57.8 kcal mol
-1
,
94.1 kcal mol
-1
and
22.1 kcal mol
-1
respectively.Calculate the
0
H
Δ
at 298 K for the reaction,
422
CCl(g)2HO(g)CO(g)4HCl(g)
+ +
(7 marks)

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