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Final Copy Nov 2 Ebp Paper

Final Copy Nov 2 Ebp Paper

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Published by ncory79

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Published by: ncory79 on Feb 21, 2010
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01/18/2013

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Running head: MRSA Prevention1
MRSA Prevention in the Healthcare SettingFerris State UniversityDebby Boyle, Nicole Cory, Anne Hendricks, Linda Hansen, Suzette Ploughman
 
Running head: MRSA Prevention2
AbstractEmergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria has added new and challenging issues in healthcare.An analysis of multiple research articles was performed to find the best practice for prevention of the spread of methicillin-resistant staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA) in health care settings.Importance to nursing includes: protecting critical medical resources, decreasing morbidity andmortality, and decreasing over-all health burden. Certain patients are at higher risk for contracting MRSA and avenues must be explored to prevent transmission. These include: earlyidentification, isolation precautions, antibiotic therapy, and hand washing. This paper will serveto show the best evidence for the prevention of the spread of this potentially lethal bacterium.
 
Running head: MRSA Prevention3
MRSA in the Healthcare Setting
Aim of the Paper
What does the literature show is the best way to control the spread of MRSA in thehealth-care setting? The aim of this paper is to analyze the best evidence to control the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. It is imperative to implement strategies for prevention in thehospital setting to protect critical medical resources, to decrease morbidity and mortality, to protect both patients and health care workers, and to decrease the over-all health burden created by MRSA.
Support for Relevance
MRSA was first reported in the United Kingdom in 1961, when it was found that Staphaureus infections were becoming resistant to beta-lactum inhibitors such as methicillin (Romero,Treston, & O’Sullivan, 2006). MRSA ranks “among the most prevalent pathogens in hospitalsworldwide” (Diekema & Climo 2008, p.1192). Infections caused by multidrug-resistant gram- positive bacteria represent a major public health burden in terms of morbidity and mortality,increased expense in patient management, and implementation of infection control measures(Woodford & Livermore, 2009). Staphylococcus aureus is an established pathogen in thehospital environment and when it becomes multidrug resistant, it complicates therapy (Woodford& Livermore, 2009). The "superbug", MRSA, regularly attracts media interest and there is political pressure to reduce MRSA infection rates (Woodford & Livermore, 2009).According to the article
 Invasive MRSA infections in the United States
 by Klevins et al,2007), 126,000 patients hospitalized develop MRSA and 5,000 of those patients die each year and today’s numbers state that 46 out of 1,000 patients have MRSA. Klevins et al (2007) reports

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