widely regarded as a historic event and that, I think, is most definitely true. But we should think clearlyabout exactly why it’s true. These crimes had perhaps the most devastating instant human toll on record,outside of war. But the word ``instant’’ should not be overlooked. It’s unfortunate but true that the crimeis far from unusual in the annals of violence that falls short of war. The aftermath of September 11
isonly one of innumerable illustrations of that.Although the scale of the catastrophe that has already taken place in Afghanistan can only be guessed,and we can hardly do more than speculate about what may follow, we do know the projections on whichpolicy decisions are based. And from these we can gain some insight into the question of where theworld is heading. The answer, unfortunately, is that it’s heading along paths that are well travelled,though there certainly are changes. The crimes of September 11
are indeed a historic turning point --but not because of the scale, rather because of the choice of target.For the United States, this is the first time since the British burnt down Washington, in 1814, that thenational territory has been under attack, or for that matter even under threat. And I don’t have to reviewwhat’s happened in those two centuries. The number of victims is huge. Now, for the first time, the gunshave been pointed in the opposite direction, and that’s a dramatic change.The same is true, even more dramatically of Europe. Europe has suffered murderous destruction, butthat’s Europeans slaughtering one another. Meanwhile, Europeans conquered much of the world -- notvery politely. With rare and limited exceptions, they were not under attack by their foreign victims, so itis not surprising that Europe should be utterly shocked by the terrorist crimes of September 11th. Andwhile September 11
is indeed a dramatic change in world affairs, the aftermath represents no change atall, and therefore passes with very little notice.All of this raises questions that should be considered with some care -- if we hope to avert still furthertragedies. And lurking not very far in the shadows is the question I already mentioned. Is the species onthe verge of demonstrating that higher intelligence is simply a grotesque biological error?Some of these questions have to do with immediate events, some with more lasting and fundamentalissues. Among the questions that come to mind are these: First of all and most critically important,what’s happening right before our eyes? Secondly, a bit more general, what is the "new war onterrorism"? Thirdly, what about the tendencies that are already underway?There are several that I’d like to mention at least. One is the rapid increase in the means of massdestruction. Second is the threat to the environment that sustains human life. And third is the shaping of international society by the world’s dominant power centres, state and private, what’s misleadinglycalled "globalisation." And throughout we should ask quite seriously, I think, to what extent ominoustendencies that are all too easy to perceive reflect choices that are natural and, in fact, even rationalwithin existing institutional and ideological structures. To the extent that they do, that’s the greatestdanger of all.