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Nano Tech Synthesis Paper

Nano Tech Synthesis Paper

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Published by: garvit on Feb 21, 2010
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INTRODUCTION
 Nanotechnology is an exciting and rapidly emerging technology allowing usto manipulate and create materials and structures at the molecular level, often atom byatom into functional structures having nanometer dimensions. This will make products cheaper, production more efficient and more sustainable through using lesswater and chemicals. Producing less waste and using less energy is a central concernof food manufacturers, and the drive towards production efficiency is likely tocontinue to boost nanotechnology funding. Nanoscale biotech and nano-bio-info willhave big impacts on the food and food-processing industries. The future belongs tonew products, new processes with the goal to customize and personalize the products.More than 180 applications are in different developing stages and a few of them areon the market already. The nanofood market is expected to surge from 2.6 bn. USdollars today to 7.0 bn. US dollars in 2006 and to 20.4 bn. US dollars in 2010. Morethan 200 Companies around the world are today active in research and development.USA is the leader followed by Japan and China. By 2010 Asian with more than 50 percent of the world population will be the biggest market for Nanofood with theleading of China.Biobased nanocomposites are a new class of materials in food packagingindustry with improved barrier and mechanical properties as compared to those of neat biopolymers. They are biodegradable and they are also produced from renewableresources. So, these make them environment friendly. Unlike Edible films, they couldnot have been consumed as a part of food. Biobased nanocomposites can be used toextend the shelf-life of the fresh products such as fruits and vegetables by controllingof respiratory exchange. Also it can improve the quality of fresh, frozen, and processed meat, poultry, and seafood products by retarding moisture loss, reducinglipid oxidation and discoloration, enhancing product appearance, and reducing oiluptake by battered and breaded products during frying. Biobased nanocomposite isinterface between two important subjects in food packaging industry, namely Ediblefilms and nanocomposites. Therefore, this paper starts with short explanations aboutEdible films and nanocomposites. Furthermore, a literature review about biobasednanocomposites is presented. The last objective of this review is to explain a1
 
 procedure for the replacement of biobased nanocomposites instead of Edible films infood packaging industry.To meet the increasing expectations of consumers, food must be safe, of consistently good quality and sensory attributes, healthy and inexpensive and shouldhave a good shelf life. These considerations have led to ongoing extensiveinvestigation of suitable packaging materials for food products. In a recent era, a newand an emerging class of clay filled polymers, called Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites(PCN) has been developed. Properties such as superior mechanical strength, reductionin weight, increased heat-resistance and flame retardancy, improved barrier propertiesagainst oxygen, carbon dioxide, ultraviolet, moisture and volatiles, as well asconservation of flavour in drinks and beverages are achievable with these novelcomposites.
Applications of nanotechnology for food and beverage packaging
 Nanocomposite sales volumes by packaging application (in tonnes),2003-08 Main applications20032008
Food Packaging
 Carbonated soft drinks136
3810
Beer862
1542
Meats181726Package foods and condiments45726Cheese91227Juices4591
Others
 Pet Food4591Electronics4591Pharmaceuticals4523Household appliances andautomotives4523
Total15407350
Today, food-packaging and monitoring are a major focus of food industry-related nanotech R&D. Packaging that incorporates nanomaterials can be “smart,”which means that it can respond to environmental conditions or repair itself or alert aconsumer to contamination and/or the presence of pathogens. According to industryanalysts, the current US market for “active, controlled and smart” packaging for foods2
 
and beverages is an estimated $38 billion and will surpass $54 billion by 2008.Chemical giant Bayer produces a transparent plastic film (called Durethan) containingnanoparticles of clay. The nanoparticles are dispersed throughout the plastic and areable to block oxygen, carbon dioxide and moisture from reaching fresh meats or other foods. The nanoclay also makes the plastic lighter, stronger and more heat resistant.Today, Nanocor, a subsidiary of Amcol International Corp., is producingnanocomposites for use in plastic beer bottles that give the brew a six-month shelf-life. By embedding nanocrystals in plastic, researchers have created a molecular  barrier that helps prevent the escape of oxygen. Nanocor and Southern Clay Productsare now working on a plastic beer bottle that may increase shelf-life to 18 months.Kodak, best known for producing camera film, is using nanotech to developantimicrobial packaging for food products that will be commercially available in2005.Kodak is also developing other ‘active packaging,’ which absorbs oxygen,thereby keeping food fresh.Scientists at Kraft, as well as at Rutgers University are working on nano- particle films concentration and other packaging with embedded sensors that willdetect food pathogens. Called “electronic tongue” technology, the sensors can detectsubstances in parts per trillion and would trigger a color change in the packaging toalert the consumer if a food has become contaminated or if it has begun to spoil.3

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