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محاضرات في اللسانيات التطبيقية

محاضرات في اللسانيات التطبيقية

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Published by: sayf02 on Feb 21, 2010
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12/07/2011

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 ةعشلا ةطاقدلا ةيئازا ةيروها
 
 رشب ةعمج
 
:
 
 
2
مـخا ثَغا 
 
داذإ:ش ـَغَا وها  شا دا ذ طسذ ه رخعأ.س 
 شَ ذي 
 
ص٤وٟ ص٤ز  ٣خٓ ضخ صوس ٧د سٛخ ١دٜٛخ,١زخ ٦ٛد٤ع رم ١دوخ, ١د٣ٛخ  ٤خ ٢ٟ صٔعٟ  ؽٗ ٙدؤ د٠ّ٣ دؤ ذوٛخ.
2
 صوزدععٟ غؼ ٚخ صٜٛخ ٥ٜسظ ٟ ف ٌٜٛخ  دٜٛخ  ّٟ,دخ ٦ ٍو ١ؤ ٚسٓ ٦ٜٗ ٖٛ :
أ-
ٙخ ٛخ ,ٞخ ٦ٜ ْٜ ١دٗ د ءد٠ٜوٛخ ٚٌعؤ
Grammaire
-م٤ٛخ ؤ.ْ٤خ ٜ د٠جدٓ ١دٗ ٛخ صخٛخ ٢ٟ ٤ٛخ خ٧ ١دٗ ٓ ,دتخٛ صٌٜٛخ صوٟ ٍع  ص٠ٜ ص٣ صؤ ٢ٟ دٛد ١دٗ ,د  رم خٓ ٛ صٔ صدوٟ ؤ ٜ ٦ظدظ ّ.ذ-ض دؽٛخ ٛخ ف دٛٜٛخ
Philologie
*
 
-صٌٜٛخ ٦ٔ ؤ. ص٤٘ٛخ ص ٦ظإ٣ ف سظخ ٞٜ ٧,ٛخ ص٠ٜوٛخ صٗدز ١عٓخ ثٍٛ ؤ  د٧ؤز
Friedrich august wolf 
 
ٝد
1777
عخ ٓ 
1
 
-
ٔُث دجضُث ح٧ث ٜٔُ ز٤ٗجغُث ز٘ُث زذ ٠ ٢لُ زدهٞد جض٧ث جٛجوُأ سثجقٓ زٞٔؾٓز٤ٓجؾُث ز٘ُث ٢ جودج جد ٢ٓجؾُث
2002
-
2003
.
2
 
-سج٤ٗجُث-ةثؾُث زٓجؽ جٛص ١ذُث ٕجُث  ٢ زؾٓ.ٝ ز٤ٗجُث ٞُث ٜٓ ز٤صٞُث.ُث:
4
.ج
1973
-
1974
.جوٓ::ُج ػجقُث:سج٤ٗجُث  ٠ُإ َٓ ظ٣قُث.ز٤دُث زُث ٢ٓ ٟٞضٔد ٞٜ٘ُث ٢ سج٤ٗجُث عأ.:
19
*
philologieEtude de la langue et de la littérature. La philologie classique s'intéresse au grec et aulatin, la philologie moderne étudie les langues vivantes.
 
 
3
دؤ ضداخ دظ  خ  ذدز دبدمؤ, ١و خ٣دٗ دٜ ْٜوعٛخ  دٜإظ  ٤ٛخ س.٢ٟ ٣ ز ص٣دٔخ  خحخ ضد٠ٜ٘ٛخ دوٟ ٜ ٍّوعٜٛ صٜع ,جد  ؤ  ؤ رؤ ذٜؤ.ٝدٔٛ صخ ٞتدخز صٌٜٛخ ٦ٔ ءد٠ٜ ٟ ٖٛٛصدعٛخ ص٤ٛخ.٢٘ٛ,ٖٛ ٢ٟ ٞٛخ ٜ,  ٞتدخ طٜ صٌٜٛخ ٧دٛخ ؾٛ ٜ د,ْٜخ دٟد٠ع٧خ صدخ دب ٢ٟ ١صزع٘خ صٌٜٛدز ٛخ ,صٓ٤خ صٌٜٛخ ٢ ٝدعٛخ د .
1
 -
١دٔخ صٌٜٛخ ٞٜ  ػٛدؽٛخ ٛخ ف ,دوٛدز ٦ظإ٣ طسظخ ٓ ذز ٣خ ٌٜٛخ
Fanz Bopp
,ٝد ؤ 
1816
 ٛخ ٝدخ ٦زدعٗ١خ٤وز ١دٔخ صٌٜٛخ ٞٜ ٟ:( صع٘٤ٛخ صٌٜٛخ ف عٛخ ٝد٣ ٢ ص٣دٟخ  صدٛخ  ص٤ظٛخ  ص٣د٣ٛخ ٢ٟ ٚ٘ز د٣دٔٟ) ,ٝد ؤ ث
1833
٢ ٦زدعٗ(صع٘٤ٜٛ ١دٔخ م٤ٛخ,ص٤ٛخ ,ص٤ٟخ ,ص٤ظٛخ  ,ص٣دخ  صٔٛخ  صٔٛخ صٛخ ص٣خعٜٛخ )
2
.١دٔخ ضدٌٜٛخ ٞٜ إظ ٦٣د٘ٟةز ٢٘  ذز ١ؤ ٗٛدز خ ,صع٘٤ٛخ صٌٜٛخ ٍدعٗخ ٛ.دؽٛدؼ خ٧د صع٘٤ٛخ ضءد ٔٛ- ص٤ظٛخ  ص٣د٣ٛخ ر٣د-صخٜٛ ؤ  ٟؤ دٓ ض.د صظخٟ ددؤ ض صع٘٤ٛخ صٌٜٛ ١ؤ ٍدعٗخ خ٧ صهؤ ٢ٟ دضدٌٜٛخ ٜع ز ص٤٘٠خ ص٣دٔخ ٙد٘ؤ ٚٗ دؼ ٤ٛخ ٔ٤ٟ  ٜ
3
.صع٘٤ٛخ صهؤ  خٟ ٛٟ ٗدٟ ٙٔ:(ٛخ دخ ٧ صع٘٤ٛخ ١ ٞٜوٛخ خ كمٛخ ٛخ خ ٔسظ ٍ  ١دٔخ صٌٜٛخ ٦ٔٛ,صٌٜٛخ ٦ٔ د 
 
1
 
-ٕج٘٣ ٤ٞ ١:زٓجُث ز٤٘ُ٧ث ٢ ٝ.ٝ ٝجُث ٔؾٓ ٝ ١جٓوُث ُج زٔؽص ز٘٤ؾ ٔقٓ.حجضٌُ ز٤دُث ثُث.ٗٞص.
1985
.:
17
 – 
18
.
Franz BoppMayence 1791 - Berlin 1867Linguiste allemand. ¾ Sa
Grammaire comparée des langues indo-européennes
(1833- 1852) est à l'origine de la linguistique comparatiste.Le Petit Larousse Copyright © Larousse / VUEF 2001
2
 
-.ٙذ ٢قؽثُث: ز٤دُث خضٌُث ٢ زُث ٚو. ز٤دُث زٜ٘ُث ث.سٝ٤د.
1979
.:
14
 
3
 
-ٕج٘٣ ٤ٞ ١:زٓجُث ز٤٘ُ٧ث ٢ ٝ.ٝ ٝجُث ٔؾٓ ٝ ١جٓوُث ُج زٔؽص ز٘٤ؾ ٔقٓ.:
18
-
19
.

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